Essays Linking Phrases Exercise

Fill in the blanks with appropriate linking words. Each question is followed by three suggested answers. Choose the most appropriate one.

1. She was …………………… unable to attend the meeting.

a) In particular
b) Therefore
c) As well as

2. …………………, we are satisfied with your performance.

a) For example
b) In general
c) Incidentally

3. I am not quite sure what time I will arrive, maybe half past eight or a quarter to nine. ………………… . I will be there before nine o’clock.

a) Anyhow
b) In general
c) All right

4. It is a small house and requires a lot of repairs. …………………, it is a long way from the center.

a) Nonetheless
b) Moreover
c) On the contrary

5. Everybody had heard of Einstein, ………………… hardly anyone could understand his theory of relativity.

a) But
b) And
c) Of course

6. He was always popular with women and even got married twice. …………………… .., the women closest to him were invariably unhappy.

a) Certainly
b) All the same
c) Of course

7. It is true that the British did some good in India. …………………… .., colonialism is basically bad.

a) Even so
b) Of course
c) In particular

8. Can you help me in …………………?

a) Anyway
b) Any way
c) By the way

9. The car broke down on the way. …………………… ., I managed to reach in time.

a) Certainly
b) In spite of this
c) Therefore

10. ‘Interesting movie?’ ‘…………………., it was a complete waste of time’.

a) However
b) On the contrary
c) Certainly


1. Therefore

2. In general

3. Anyhow

4. Moreover

5. But

6. All the same

7. Even so

8. Any way

9. In spite of this

10. On the contrary


Transition Words

Transition words tie two thoughts together and add fluency to writing. Words such as “although,” “however,” and “for example,” play an important role to help move smoothly from one paragraph to another. However, they also help a reader to understand location, similarities and differences, or main points.  There are several categories of concluding transitions, and understanding each is important to choosing a good word or phrase for a sentence or paragraph. We've included helpful lists,  and printable worksheets below.

Scroll  Directly to Printable Transition Word Worksheets.

Place and Space Transition Words

These transition words of place and space help the reader understand location.

Example:  Nearby, the teachers were meeting in a closed-door session.

Word List (Open PDF Version)
aboveacrossaroundadjacent to
insidenearbyneighboring onopposite to

Comparison / Contrast Transition Words

These transition words of comparison and contrast emphasize either the similarities of two ideas or the difference between them.

Example: Similarly, the harvest dance was also held on a Friday night.

Word List (Open PDF Version)
after alland yetat the same timebut
by the same tokenhoweverin contrastin like manner
in similar fashionin the same waylikewisenevertheless
notwithstandingon the contraryon the other handotherwise

Cause / Purpose / Condition Transition Words

These transition words of cause, purpose, and condition guide the reader from an idea to its underlying root.

Example: Even if the school district pays for half of the students’ breakfasts, there still will be those without enough resources to pay for the remaining amount.

Word List (Open PDF Version)
becauseeven iffor that reasonfor this purpose
given thatgrantedinasmuch asin order that
on account ofprovided thatsinceso that
to be sureto that endto this end

Conclusion / Summary Transition Words

These transition words of conclusion and summary allow the writer to recap one point before moving to the next or to the end.

Example: Ultimately, no one has more influence on a student ’s grades than the student himself.

Read more about how to write a conclusion paragraph.

Word List (Open PDF Version)
all in allall things consideredaltogetherfinally
in briefin conclusionin essencein short
in summaryin the final analysisto concludeto sum up
to summarizeultimately

Time / Sequence Transition Words

These transition words of time and sequence explain order or chronology to the reader.

Example: In the meantime, the library will be closed during lunch.

Word List (Open PDF Version)
afterafterwardsalwaysat length
immediatelyin the meantimelaterearlier
occasionallyoncesimultaneouslyso far
this timeuntil nowwhenwhenever

Effect / Result / Qualification Transition Words

These transition words of effect, result, and qualification take the reader from the problem to its consequences or possible results.

Example: Consequently, fewer students are able to take courses in the fine arts: music, art, and drama.

Word List (Open PDF Version)
accordinglyalmostas a resultalthough
henceforthin that casemaybenever
perhapsprobablyso thentherefore

Addition / Extension Transition Words

These transition words of addition and extension are used to add to a previous idea or extend the logic or argument.

Example: Furthermore, the student council has unanimously endorsed the revised calendar for the school.

Word List (Open PDF Version)
besideseven morefinallyfirst (or in the first place)
furtherfurthermorein additionin the same way
last, lastlylikewisemoreovernext
second, secondly, etc. (or in the second place)similarlythird (etc.)too

Example / Clarification / Emphasis Transition Words

These transition words of example, clarification, and emphasis are used by writers to explain a point or to give emphasis.

Example: In other words, a longer school day may provide more opportunities instead of fewer.

Word List (Open PDF Version)
above allas an illustrationby all meanscertainly
e.g., (for example)especiallyfor examplefor instance
i.e., (that is)importantlyin factin other words
indeedmore importantlynoof course
particularlyspecificallysurelythat is to say
to clarifyto demonstrateto explainto illustrate
to put another wayto repeatto rephrase itundoubtedly
without a doubtyes

As you can see, there are a great many choices when deciding which word best connects sentences or paragraphs. While not easy, understanding how these "connecting" words work make writing much easier for students.

Free, Printable Worksheets

Correct the Transition Word Mistakes – Worksheet

Have your students revise sentences and correct transition word mistakes with this educational writing activity.

Grade Levels:
4th and 5th Grade, 6th - 8th Grade, Grades K-12
CCSS Code(s):
W.5.2.c, W.6.2.c, W.7.2.c, W.8.2.c

Identify the Transition Words

Help your students identify different transition words with this printable writing worksheet.

Grade Levels:
4th and 5th Grade, 6th - 8th Grade, Grades K-12
CCSS Code(s):
W.5.2.c, W.6.2.c

Transition Words: Complete the Sentence

Enhance your students’ writing skills with this “Complete the Sentence” transition words activity.

Grade Levels:
4th and 5th Grade, 6th - 8th Grade, Grades K-12
CCSS Code(s):
W.5.2.c, W.6.2.c, W.7.2.c

Transition Words: Connecting Ideas

Teach your students how to connect ideas with this helpful transition words classroom activity.

Grade Levels:
4th and 5th Grade, Grades K-12
CCSS Code(s):

Using Transition Words

In this worksheet, your students will learn how to properly use transition words in a sentence.

Grade Levels:
4th and 5th Grade, 6th - 8th Grade, Grades K-12
CCSS Code(s):
W.5.2.c, W.6.2.c, W.7.2.c


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