Vladimir Minorsky Bibliography Template

Is there an ultimate use for historians? Reflections on Safavid history and historiography
By: Roger M. Savory, Professor Emeritus University of Toronto, 16 March 1995
The Annual Noruz Lecture Series: 16 March 1995, Foundation for Iranian Studies Washington, D.C.

Page: 1 23     Page1

I suppose that, if I were giving this lecture in Persian, I might have entitled it Tarikh chist (`What is history?')[1], or, slightly less ambitiously, Tarikh-nigari chist (`What is historiography?'). The time allotted to me tonight, however, does not permit me to indulge in this sort of philosophizing. Although we have it on the authority of Henry Ford that "History is bunk", I am going to assume that we are agreed that the study of history is a worth while pursuit. The original meaning of the Greek word is "the quest for things worth knowing"[2]. The phrase commonly used in Persian, tazeh che dari? (`What's new?'), reflects this quest. Knowledge, or information, when written down in the form of a narrative, becomes history. What I shall try to do tonight is to ponder the reasons for the rather glaring neglect, until comparatively recent times, of the history of the Safavid period, a neglect of which both Iranian and Western historians have been guilty. This will involve some reflections on the development of historical writing in general, both in Iran and the West, so far as this is relevant to Safavid history.

Why is Safavid history important?

The establishment of the Safavid state in 1501, like the Arab conquest of Iran in the 7th century, and the Mongol invasions of the 13th century, marks a turning point in the history of Iran. First, the whole of the area historically considered as constituting the heartlands of Iran (iranshahr; iran-zamin), was reunited under the rule of a Persian king for the first time since the Arab conquest and islamicization of Iran. For most of the eight and half centuries that followed that conquest, Iran was ruled by a succession of Arab caliphs, and Turkish and Mongol sultans and khans. The only exception was what Minorsky called the "Iranian intermezzo", the period from 945-1055 A.D., when a dynasty of Persian origin, the Buyids, exercised authority over a large part of Iran. The restoration of Persian sovereignty by the Safavids revived Persian feelings of a distinctive national identity - Iranismus, or "Iranianism", as Hafez Farman-Farmaian calls it, although of course this did not constitute a nationalist ideology in the modern sense of the term. Incidentally, a recent number of Iran-Nameh was devoted to a discussion of Iranian identity[3], and throughout the word huviyyat is used to convey "identity". Since most of the contributors to this volume are agreed that the Persian language is the basic element in preserving Iranian identity, it is perhaps ironical that a word of Arabic origin should have been chosen to designate the word "identity".

Second, Shah Isma'il I declared the Ithna 'Ashari rite of Shi'i Islam to be the official religion of the Safavid state. This was the first time since the advent of Islam that a major Islamic state had taken this step[4]. The motives of Isma'il seem to have been in part religious conviction and in part political expediency, that is, the desire to differentiate the Safavid state from its powerful Sunni neighbours, the Ottomans to the north-west and the �zbegs to the north-east, and to give it a dynamic ideology which would unify Iran against these enemies. Whatever his motives, his decision had profound consequences for the future of Iran. Toynbee, in his magisterial A Study of History, says that "the unexpected and revolutionary resuscitation of Shi'ism as a militant political force" by Isma'il "abruptly and surprisingly deflected the course of Islamic history"[5]. "It would", he says "be difficult to find any other public character in history who has been so highly `explosive' as this, with the possible exception of Lenin"[6].

Third, it should not be forgotten that Iran, under the greatest of the Safavid shahs, Shah 'Abbas I, reached a level of power and prosperity never before achieved in Iran's post-Islamic history. After restoring Iran's territorial integrity by driving out the Ottoman and �zbeg forces which had encroached on Safavid territory during the reign of the weak Sultan Muhammad Shah, 'Abbas enhanced the prosperity of the country by adding a money economy and international trade to the traditional bases of the economy: agriculture and pastoralism. He achieved this by creating a multi-cultural state, and a climate of religious tolerance which enabled him to harness the skills and talents of non-Muslim merchants - Jews and Indians domestically, and Armenians in international trade. The development of the silk trade, which 'Abbas made a royal monopoly, has been regarded as one of his "great organizational achievements"[7]. The opening up of the sea route from western Europe to India round the Cape of Good Hope encouraged European powers, principally the Portuguese, the English and the Dutch, to vie with one another for control of the lucrative trade in the Persian Gulf, India, and the Far East, and 'Abbas was able to use this rivalry to the benefit of Iran. In 1598, Shah 'Abbas transferred the Safavid capital from Qazvin to Isfahan, where he built a whole new city, cheek by jowl with the ancient one; his intent was to build a new capital worthy of the Safavid state at the height of its power. Two of the masterpieces of Safavid architecture were completed in Shah 'Abbas's lifetime: the Masjed-i Shah and the Masjed-i Shaykh Lutfullah. Other applied arts, too, flourished, for example, the production of carpets, textiles (some 25,000 weavers are said to have been employed in the production of the finest quality brocades and velvets); ceramics; and metalwork. Royal patronage also produced a flowering of the fine arts, namely, painting and the whole art of the book, a field in which the Safavids were the heirs of the Timurids. 'Abbas fostered diplomatic contacts, on the basis of parity of esteem, with neighbouring rulers such as the Mughal Emperors, the Princes of Muscovy, and the Tatar Khans of the Crimea, and also with powerful Western rulers such as the monarchs of England, Spain and Portugal. It is hardly surprising, then, that the Huguenot traveller Chardin saw the reign of Shah 'Abbas as a golden age. "When this great prince ceased to live", he said, "Persia ceased to prosper"[8], and it is a fact that the Safavid state never again achieved the degree of political and military power, economic prosperity, internal stability and security, and artistic distinction, that it reached under his rule.

If, then, the Safavid period is so important in the history of Iran, and if "it was the Safavids who led Iran back on to the stage of world history"[9], why was Safavid history neglected, both by Iranian and Western scholars, until some fifty years ago? Let us consider Western historians first. Until fairly recent times, European works on the Islamic world were written by scholars who were primarily Arabists or Ottomanists. They did not know the Persian language and, as M.G.S. Hodgson has pointed out, if one takes Arabic as one's point of departure, one inevitably regards Iranians as outsiders[10]. Carl Brockelmann, in his History of the Islamic Peoples and States, devoted a mere ten pages to the Safavid state, which he viewed largely within the context of Ottoman history[11]. In his article on Islamic historiography in the Supplement to the First Edition of the Encyclopaedia of Islam (1938)[12], the distinguished Arabist Sir Hamilton Gibb completely ignored the existence of a Safavid historiography. Even the great Iranologist E.G. Browne had a distaste for Safavid history: "The enormous preponderance of the military element in such contemporary chronicles as the Ta'rikh-i Alam-ara-yi 'Abbasi", he wrote, "makes them very dull and arduous reading to anyone not specially interested in military matters"[13].Of course, Browne's interests lay elsewhere, in Persian literature, and in religious and social conditions in Iran[14], and obviously he did not agree with Thomas Hardy that "war makes rattling good history"[15].

In the 1930s and 1940s, things began to improve. In 1932 there appeared Louis-Lucien Bellan's Chah 'Abbas I: sa vie, son histoire, which remains the only biography of any of the Safavid shahs in any Western language. Unfortunately, its value for scholars is vitiated by the absence of references to the Persian chronicles on which it is undoubtedly based. In 1934, Toynbee published his A Study of History, to which reference has already been made. The study of Safavid history by Western scholars took a quantum leap forward with the publication in 1936 of Walther Hinz's Irans Aufstieg zum Nationalstaat im f�nfzehnten Jahrhundert, and of Vladimir Minorsky's translation of the Tadhkirat al-Muluk, with commentary and notes in 1943. Although Hinz was wide of the mark in speculating about the possible Arab descent of the Safavid family, he for the first time established a reliable chronology for the early Safavid period. Until the publication by Muhammad Taqi Danish-pazhuh in 1967-8 of the Dastur al-Muluk, the Tadhkirat al-Muluk was the only manual of Safavid administration known to exist. It not only corroborated to a large extent the testimony of Chardin, but expanded our knowledge of Safavid political and administrative institutions. Russian scholars, such as Petrushevskiy, concentrated on social and economic aspects of the Safavid period. In 1958 Laurence Lockhart's useful work The Fall of the Safavid Dynasty and the Afghan Conquest of Persia was published[16], and by the 1960s the historical framework of the Safavid period had been reasonably well established, and the lines of future research suggested.

If one looks at the record of Iranian historians during the same period, the scene is similar: a rather barren landscape relieved by a few lofty peaks. In 1927-8 Ahmad Kasravi led the way with the publication of three seminal articles entitled Nizhad va Tabar-i Safaviyya (`The genealogy of the Safavids'); Safaviyya sayyid nabuda and (`The Safavids were not sayyids'); and Baz ham Safaviyya (`The Safavids again')[17]. Kasravi disputed the validity of the `official' Safavid genealogy contained in the Safvat al-Safa and followed by most later Safavid chronicles[18], and argued convincingly that the ancestors of Shaykh Safi al-Din, who founded the Safavid Order (tariqa), were indigenous inhabitants of Iran (az bumiyan-i bastan-i iran budan) and were of pure Aryan stock (juz nizhad-i aryani nadashta and). Today, the consensus among Safavid historians is that the Safavid family hailed from Persian Kurdistan. Kasravi's important articles were published in the journal Ayandeh, which was not readily available in the West, and, despite the fact that they were republished as a pamphlet in 1944, in an expanded and revised form, they unfortunately continued to be overlooked by many historians. These included the Turkish scholar Zeki Velidi Togan who, working on the oldest available MSS. of the Safvat al-Safa, independently reached many of the same conclusions reached by Kasravi thirty years earlier[19]. At the same time, Togan tried to lay to rest the persistent claim by Turkish historians that Shah Isma'il I was a Turk, but this claim resurfaced from time to time in the writings of Turcophiles, such as David Ayalon[20], and was usually based on the fact that Isma'il spoke the Azari dialect of Turkish, which Toynbee calls one of "the vulgar tongues of camp and court"[21], and had written poems in Azari under the pen-name of Khata'i.

After the publication of Kasravi's articles, a whole generation elapsed before another significant work on Safavid history appeared. This was Nasrullah Falsafi's Life of Shah 'Abbas I (Zindigani-yi Shah 'Abbas-i Avval), published in Tehran in 4 vols. between 1955 and 1961. This major work had been preceded by Falsafi's definitive article on the battle of Chaldiran in 1514 between the Safavids and the Ottomans[22]. A few years later, Lutfullah Hunarfar published his comprehensive work on the historical monuments and inscriptions of Isfahan[23].

In the 1960s and 1970s, however, Iranian scholars made an enormous contribution to the furtherance of Safavid studies by editing and publishing historical texts, both general and local, and collections of farmans and other historical documents. By making all this material available in published form, Iranian scholars played a major part in enabling Western scholars to pursue their own researches into Safavid history. Iranian scholars were also writing articles on history in learned journals. Among the latter, the journal Barrasiha-yi tarikhi ("Historical researches"), published by the Iranian Army General Staff from 1966 onwards, was of outstanding quality. Articles on Persian historiography were also published in the journal Sukhan. The journal Yadigar, a "powerful stimulus to the scholarly study of history", was in print for only five years[24]. In the field of Iranian bibliography, the work of Iraj Afshar was and continues to be unequalled.

In my search for answers to the question: "Why has Safavid history been neglected until recent times?", I turned for help to what has been said about historiography by two modern Persian historians, Hafez Farman-Farmaian and Faridun Adamiyat, in their articles Nukati chand dar bara-yi mushkilat-i tarikh-nivisi dar Iran ("some considerations regarding the difficulties of writing history in Iran") and Inhitat-i tarikh-nigari dar Iran ("The decline of historiography in Iran")[25]. Farman-Farmaian identifies four categories of historical writing on Iran: chronicles; histories written by Western diplomats and other officials; studies on the nature of history; and works by scholars steeped in Iranian culture (danishmandan-i mutabahhir dar hunar-i irani). Farman-Farmaian decries the principal 19th-century Persian chroniclers who, he says, to some extent followed the style of their predecessors; their writing, he says, is full of turbidity (ta'qid), affectations (takalluf), and verbosity (itnab), characteristics which for the most part are an obstacle to the presentation of the realities of historical events[26]. In this opinion, he is in agreement with E.G. Browne, who compares Persian historiography adversely to Arab historiography, and has a low opinion of all Persian historical work "composed during the last six or seven centuries"[27]. This takes us back to Mongol times, and to the Tarikh-i Wassaf, a work which, says Browne, "exercised an enduring evil influence on subsequent historians in Persia"[28].

In his category "histories written by Western diplomats", Farman-Farmaian mentions three modern British authors who wrote histories of Iran: Sir John Malcolm, R.G. Watson, and Sir Percy Sykes[29]. Watson is only of peripheral interest to the Safavid historian, since his work deals primarily with the Qajar period down to 1858, but his comment that the Safavid family was still considered by many Persians in the middle of the 19th century "to be the Agas, or masters, of the country"[30], is of more than passing interest. Farman-Farmaian dismisses the works of all three writers as being of no value whatever today (az hich lihaz kamtarin arzishi nadarand)[31], but Adamiyat is more charitable towards Malcolm and another 19th-century British author of a history of Iran, Sir Clements Markham[32]. Their histories, he says, "at least had the merit of making Persians aware that a style of historiography different from what they were used to was possible. Although neither of these authors was an expert historian, their works were more significant (ba ma'nitar) than the usual Persian histories"[33].

  1. Persian scholars are not the only ones given to these grandiose titles. The British historian E.H. Carr, for example, wrote a book entitled What is History? (Penguin Books, 1964).
  2. Franz Rosenthal, A History of Muslim Historiography, Leiden 1952, p. 8.
  3. Iran-Nameh, Vol. XII, Summer 1994: A Special Issue on Iranian Identity.
  4. On the claims of the Qutbshahi ruler in the Deccan, see Roger M. Savory, The Shi`i Enclaves in the Deccan (15th-17th Centuries: An Historical Anomaly, in Corolla Torontonensis: Studies in Honor of Ronald Morton Smith (eds. Emmet Robbins and Stella Sandahl), Toronto 1994, pp. 180 ff.
  5. A Study of History, Oxford University Press 1934, I, p. 349.
  6. A Study of History, I, p. 398. It is, of course, fashionable these days to decry Toynbee's Study of History, to dub him a "system-maker", and even to deny Toynbee the title of `historian' (see G.R. Elton, The Practice of History, Fontana Books 1969, p. 58 and note 27; p. 83 and note 4, in which Elton suggests that the title `prophet' would be more appropriate than `historian'. This work is hereinafter quoted as `Elton'.
  7. N. Steensgard, The Asian trade revolution of the seventeenth century, Chicago 1973, p. 381.
  8. Lt.-Col. P.M. Sykes, A History of Persia, 2 vols., London 1915, Vol. II, p. 268.
  9. H.R. Roemer, The Safavid Period, in Cambridge History of Iran, Vol. VI, Cambridge University Press 1986, p. 190.
  10. Marshall G.S. Hodgson, The Venture of Islam, University of Chicago Press, 1974, I, p. 32.
  11. Published in Germany in 1939 under the title Geschichte der Islamischen V�lker und Staate. These ten pages, incidentally, contain several major errors of fact.
  12. Leiden 1938: Ta'rikh, pp. 233-45.
  13. E.G. Browne, A Literary History of Persia, Cambridge University Press, 1930, IV, p. 107. For a very different view, see Roger M. Savory, "Very dull and arduous reading: a reappraisal of The History of Shah 'Abbas the Great by Iskandar Beg Munshi," in Studies on the History of Safawid Iran, Variorum Reprints, London 1987, XII, pp. 19-37 (hereinafter cited as Variorum).
  14. See John Emerson's excellent survey in Some General Accounts of the Safavid and Afsharid Period, primarily in English, Pembroke Papers I (1990), p. 29.
  15. The Dynasts, 236. 2.
  16. M.B. Dickson's lengthy review article on Lockhart's work is unfortunately an early example of political correctness (see Journal of the American Oriental Society, 82/1962, pp. 503-17. Dickson's pious hope that "the intent of this review not been misconstrued" (p. 516) was not realised. Emerson, for example, refers to the "attitudes excoriated by Dickson" (Some General Accounts ...", p. 30).
  17. In Ayandeh, ii, 1927-8, pp. 357-65; 489-97; 801-12.
  18. For example, the Habib al-Siyar, Lubb al-Tavarikh, Tarikh-i 'Alam-ara-yi 'Abbasi, and Silsilat al-Nasab-i Safaviyya.
  19. See Zeki Velidi Togan, Sur l'origine des Safavides, in M�langes Louis Massignon, Damascus 1957, pp. 345-57.
  20. David Ayalon, Gunpowder and Firearms in the Mamluk Kingdom, London, 1956, p. 109: "Isma'il as-Safawi was himself not a Persian but a Turcoman".
  21. A Study of History, I, p. 353.
  22. Jang-i Chaldiran, in Majalla-yi Danishkada-yi Adabiyyat va `Ulum-i Insani-yi Danishgah-i Tihran, 1/2, 1937 A.H.S./1953, reprinted in Chand Maqala-yi Tarikhi va Adabi, 1343 A.H.S./1964.
  23. Lutfullah Hunarfar, Ganjina-yi Athar-i Tarikhi-yi Isfahan, Tehran 1344 A.H.S./1965.
  24. Hafiz Farman-Farmaian, Nukati chand dar bara-yi mushkilat-i tarikh-nivisi dar iran (`Some considerations regarding the difficulties of writing history in Iran'), in Bar-rasiha-yi tarikhi, Year I, No. 5/6, 1345 A.H.S./1345 1966-7, p. 167 (hereinafter cited as Nukati chand).
  25. Adamiyat's article appeared in Sukhan, Vol. 17, No. 1, 1346 A.H.S./1967, pp. 17-30 (hereinafter cited as Inhitat.
  26. Nukati chand, p. 175.
  27. Browne, IV, p. 443; 446.
  28. Browne, IV, p. 443; see also p. 413.
  29. Authors respectively of: History of Persia, London 1815; A History of Persia from the beginning of the 19th century to the year 1858, with a review of the principal events that led to the establishment of the Kajar Dynasty, London, 1866,; and A History of Persia, 2 vols., London 1915. Dickson disparages the whole of what he calls the "Curzon-Sykes school of history" (see Martin B. Dickson, The Fall of the Safavi Dynasty, in Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 82, 1962, p. 510).
  30. Watson, p. 38.
  31. Nukati chand, p. 170. One should note in passing that the contemporary British historian, M.E. Yapp, is equally scathing in his condemnation of the histories of Malcolm and Sykes. In his article "Two British Historians of Persia", in Bernard Lewis and P.M. Holt (eds.), in Historians of the Middle East, Oxford University Press 1962 (hereinafter quoted as HME), pp. 343-56, he tentatively suggests that the deficiencies of these two authors as historians may be attributed to their upbringing in Victorian public schools (p. 356).
  32. A General Sketch of the History of Persia, London 1874.
  33. Inhitat, p. 20.

Bibliography of the Publications of. Professor V. Minorsky. Reprinted from the. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. (University of London), Vol.




the V.

Publications Minorsky

Reprinted from the

Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies (University of London), Vol. XIV, Pari 3, ' Studies preseated to Vladimir Minorsky '








Vladimir Minorsky.









his colleagues and friends

Abu'U'Ata al-Ma'arri.

FOREWORD THIS special issue of the Bulletin appears in honour of a double anniversary




of Professor





anniversary of his joining the School of Oriental Studies (as it then was). It is an ; appropriate moment in his long and illustrious career for i his

colleagues and friends to salute the rare qualities, both personal and academic, w-hich.have won for him the honour and. distinction which he so justly enjoys ; and tit is in (that spirit that those whoihave been able to contribute to this volume offer him the studies which it contains.

They are intended as a slight

recognition of the debt which the authors, and Orientalists generally, owe to Professor Minorsky's profound and wide-ranging scholarship.

Vladimir Minorsky was born on 5th February, 1877, in Korcheva, a small

town on the Volga, now lying submerged at the bottom of the Moscow sea. He was educated in Moscow.

As a gold medallist of the Fourth Grammar-School

he entered the University of Moscow where he read Law from 1896 to 1900. On his graduation he studied Oriental Languages at the Lazarev Institute for three years.

In 1903 he entered the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, serving from

1904 to 1908 in Persia and from 1908 to 1912 in St. Petersburg and Turkestan ; and in 1911, jointly with a British representative, he carried out a mission in North-Western Persia.

In 1912 he was appointed to the Russian Embassy in

Constantinople, and in the following year acted as Imperial Russian Commis¬ sioner on the international commission for the delimitation of the Turko-Persian frontier. He was next appointed to the Russian Legation in Tehran, from where, in 1919, he went to France, remaining for some years at the Russian Embassy in Paris. In 1923 he began to lecture on Persian literature at the Ecole Nationale des Langues Orientales Vivantes, and later taught Turkish and Islamic history in the same institution.

From August, 1930, to January, 1931, he acted as

Oriental Secretary to the Exhibition of Persian Art at Burlington House, London.

His association with London University began in 1932 when he was

appointed lecturer in Persian at the School of Oriental Studies ;

in 1933 he

became Reader in Persian Literature and History, University of London, and,

in 1937, Professor of Persian in succession to Sir E. D. Ross. In 1944 he retired, receiving the title of Professor Emeritus and being appointed Honorary Fellow of the School of Oriental and African Studies.

In 1948-9 he acted as visiting

professor at the Fu'ad University (Cairo).

Other academic titles Professor Minorsky has received include that of Corresponding Fellow of the British Academy (1943), Honorary Member of the

Societe Asiatique of Paris (1946), and Doctor honoris causa of the University of Brussels (1948).

At the invitation of the Persian Government he took part in

the celebrations of the Firdausi millenary in Tehran and Tus. He attended the Interallied Congress of Orientalists in London (1923), the International Congress

of Linguists in Geneva (1931), the International Congress of Orientalists in Leiden (1931), in Rome (1935), in Brussels (1938), in Paris (1948), and in Istanbul (1951).

All the articles in this issue were specially invited.

The Editorial Board,

although their duties with this number were restricted to the issuing of

invitations and the arrangement of the material received, are happy to associate themselves with this tribute to one who has given so much to the Bulletin, and join with the contributors in wishing him many more years of fruitful scholarship.

Bibliography of the Publications of Professor V. Minorsky1 Abbreviations

BSO(A)SBulletin of the School of Oriental (and African) Studies. Drevnosti


E. I.

Encyclopedie de 1' Islam 2

G. J.

The Geographical Journal, London.

J. A.

Journal Asiatique.

JRCASJournal of the Royal Central Asian Society. JRASJournal of the Royal Asiatic Society.

MaterialiMaTepnajiH no H3y*ieHmo BocTOKa.

M3,a,aHHe Mhh.


,n;eji, G. neTep6ypr.


Orientalistische Literatur Zeitung.

PSEIPublications de la Societe des Etudes Iraniennes, Paris. RIS


S. Z.





CoBpeMeHHbie 3anncKH, IlapHJK.

Tritdi nO





MocKBa. 1901

1. Translation into Russian :

Th. Noldeke, Die semitischen Sprachen,

Eine Skizze, 1900 (pages 1-41 of the original ;

remaining part translated

by B. V. Miller). Edited by A. E. Krymsky in TruM, fasc. V, 1903.


2. y pyccKHx nOHAaHHbix CyjiTaHa (' A visit to the Russian Cossacks in Asia







Obozreniye, Moscow, 1902, kniga 52, No. 2;


also separately printed,

56 pp.

Reviewed by V. Barthold in Mitteilungen des Seminars fur Orientalische Sprachen, Westasiatische Studien, 1903, p. 207.





(' Constantinopolitan


amusements '), Tiflis, Izdaniya G. Melik-Karakozova, No. 4, 13 pp. 4.











(on Matthiae Wasmuth Holsati,

Grammatica Arabica, Amsteloduni, 1654). Drevnosti, tome II/3 ; offprint, pp. 16-27.

1 This Bibliography represents a completed and corrected edition of the Bibliography pub¬ lished by Dr. M. Ishaque in Calcutta (1940).

* Of the 110 articles contributed, only the article of Omar Khaiyam was written for the English edition of the Encyclopedia, the originals of the remaining 109 articles being in French. VOL. XIV.




bibliography of the publications

5. HaiiHOHajibHHe CTwxoTBopeHHH 9MHH-6en b cbhsh c hobhm HanpaBJieHHeM



Drevnosti, II/3 and III/l ;

6. Review






offprint 24 + 14 pp.

in Etnograficheskoye







140-5 :

Horn, Geschichte der Tiirkischen Moderne.


7. noesflKa

b Mapary h paiioH pen fljKaraTy h TaTaBy (' A visit to

Maragha, etc.'). 20,


Izvestiya shtaba Kavkaz. voyennago okruga, Tiflis, No.

34-53. 1908

8. IIoe3flKa



in 1905 ', etc.).





('A visit to


MateriaU, fasc. I, pp. 1-62.

9. KasBHH-XaMaflaHCKaH


(' The


Qazvin-Hamadan ').

MateriaU, fasc. I, pp. 161-196.


10. MaTepaajibi ajih H3yneHHH nepcHACKoft ceKTM «JIh)«h hcthhh » hjih «AjiH-HjiaxH».

Part I.



translation (' Materiaux

pour servir a 1' etude des croyances de la secte persane dite les " Ahle-

Haqq ou 'All-Ilahi " ').

Trudi, fasc. XXXIII, XXVI + 127 pp. (this work

was awarded the gold medal of the Section of Ethnography of the Imperial Society of Natural Sciences of Moscow). Reviewed :

by C. Huart, J. A., mars 1914, pp. 474-6.


11. A.


Hhc (an obituary notice to accompany) A.




po severnomu persidskomu Kurdistanu. Izvestiya Ministerstva Inostranmkh Del, St. Petersburg, No. 4, offprint 24 pp.

12. Editorship and part-authorship :





MateriaU, fasc. II, 591 pp. This



contains :


H. S. Shipley, 06t,e3a OKKyroipoBaHHbix TypirHeii nepcHflCKHx OKpyroB b 1911



rpaHHua, pp. 319-432 ; norpaHnqHtix

13. Kypflbi.


Minorsky :





GBefleHHH o HacejieHHH HeKOTopux


3aMeTKH h BneiaTJieHHH (' Kurds.

Notes and impressions ').

Izvestiya Ministerstva inostrannikh del, St. Petersburg.

No. 3 ;


43 pp.

Reviewed :

in Istoricheskiy Vestnik, Sept. 1915, p. 969.


14. TypeiiKO-nepcuACKOe Persian frontier'). LII, pp. 351-392.


('Delimitation of the Turco-

Izvestiya Imperatorskago Geograficheskago Obschestva,


15. flpeBHOCTH








Obschestva russkikh orientalistov, Petrograd, II, pp. 41-69 ; offprint 29 pp. Reviewed : by A. L. Izvestiya Imperatorskago Geograficheskago Obschestva, XXIV, No. 2, pp. 253-4.


16. KejieniHH,

CTejia y Ton3aBa h flpeBHeuiuHe

ypMHfiCKaro 03epa other


(' On the





naMHTHHKH b paiiOHe

of Keleshin and Topuzava and




Urmiya ').


Vostochnago Otdeleniya Russkago Arkheologicheskago Obschestva, Petrograd, XXIV, pp.

145-193 ;

offprint 49 pp.


17. Notes sur la secte des Ahle-Haqq.

Revue du Monde Musulman,

XL (1920), pp. 20-97 and XLV (1921), pp. 205-302. 1922,


In book form, Paris,


Reviewed :

by Basset, Revue de Vhistoire des religions, juillet 1922,

pp. 96-8 ;

The Moslem World, July, 1921, p. 326, and January, 1927,

pp. 103-4 ;

Revue d' ethnographic et des traditions populaires, 1921, No. 7 ;

F. Cumont, Syria, III (1922), p. 262.

18. L' Azerbaidjanet les influences exterieures. Bulletin de 1' 'Union', Paris,

15 Janvier 1920,




19. Un traite




J.A., Janvier 1921,

pp. 165-7.

20. 3aMeTKH

Tpy3HH. Paris


3aKaBKa3be :

(' Notes



on Transcaucasia :

III, pp.




Situation in Georgia ').


S. Z.,


21. La Russie et la Turquie.

Journ. des Debats, 16th November, 1922.


22. La Georgie.

R.I.S., Janvier 1923, pp. 54-8, mai 1923, pp. 275-8.

23. Pocchh h HeihTb (' Russia and Oil ').

Volga Rossii, Prague, Sept., 1923,

No. 15, pp. 67-74, October, 1923, No. 16, pp. 61-9.

24. Gobineau et la Perse.

25. IleHa


Europe, 1 octobre 1923, pp. 116-126.



Russkaya misl, Prague, 1923, III-V.

Reviewed :

26. CHCTeata



blood-money ').

Offprint 15 pp.

by Krachkovsky, Vostok, IV, 1924, p. 187.



S.Z., XVI, pp. 248-265.

('The system of the Little Entente').



of the



27. Les etudes iraniennes en France.

R.I.S., mars 1924, pp. 165-174.

28. Review in S.Z., 1924, XVIII, pp. 461-7 : V. Sanders, FiinfJahre Tiirkei.

29. BocTOKOBe«eHHe b Pocchh (' Oriental studies in Russia ').

S.Z., 1924

XX, pp. 403-417.


30. L'Inde. #./.£., juillet 1925, pp. 406-8.

31. BHeuiHHH nojiHTHKa Tpy3HH (' Georgia's external policy ').

S.Z., 1925

XXIII, pp. 452-472.

32. Reviews in Pravo i khozyaystvo, Paris, Nos. 1-2, and S.Z., 1925, XXIV, p. 468 :

S. F. Oldenburg, Otchet o deyatelnosti Rossiyskoy Akademii Nauk

za 1923.

33. Review in J. A., octobre 1925, pp. 340-5 : I.

Orbeli, Arkheologicheskaya

expeditsiya 1916 v Van.

34. L'Afghanistan, R.I.S., Janvier 1925, pp. 52-61.

35. Articles in E. I. : fasc. B-Sahna (p. 66), Sa'in-kal'a (p. 78), Sakkiz (p. 85), Salmas (pp. 121-2), Samsam al-Saltana (pp. 144-5) ; fasc. C-Sarpul-i

Zohab (pp. 180-1), Sawa (pp. 190-1) ; fasc. D-Sawdj-bulak (pp. 194-9), Senna (pp. 233-7), Shabak (pp. 247-8), Shahi-sewan (pp. 276-8) ; fasc EShakak (p. 300), Shakaki (p. 300).


36. Iranian languages and Persian literature. Encyclopedia Britannica, 14th edition, XII, pp. 586-7, XVII, pp. 607-10.

37. Review in The Economic Review, London, 8th October, 1926, pp. 312-14 : Millspaugh, The American task in Persia.

38. The Mosul question, Bulletins of the Reference service on International Affairs of the American Library in Paris, 15th April, 1926, Nos. 9-10, 44 pp., 2 maps.

Reviewed : by Sir A. T. Wilson, Journal of the Central Asian Society, 1926, XIII/4, p. 397.

39. Articles in E. I. : fasc. FShehrizur (pp. 356-8), Shekkl (pp. 358-360).


40. Articles in E. I. : fasc. GShughnan (pp. 404-6), Shulistan (pp. 406-8) ; fasc. 36-7Khata'I (pp. 974-5), Kuban (pp. 1149-1151), Kubba (p. 1151), Kurdes

(pp. 1196-1219),


(pp. 1220-2),


(pp. 1238-9) ; fasc. HSindjabl (p. 454), Sipihr (p. 458), Sisar (pp. 475-6 ; fesc. ISomai (pp. 503-4).




41. Etudes sur les Ahl-i Haqq. I. ' Toumari ' = Ahl-i Haqq.

Revue de

VHistoire des Religions, Janvier 1928, tome XCVII, No. 1, pp. 90-105.

42. (In collaboration with Sir E. D. Ross) : Professor J. Markwart, BSOS, V/4, pp. 897-902 (in revised form v.i. 48).

43. Articles in E. I. : fasc. 37Lahidjan (pp. 8-9), Lak (pp. 11-12), BanuLam (pp. 12-13), Lankoran (p. 15), Lar (pp. 15-18), Laz (pp. 20-2), Linga

(p. 29), Lull (pp. 39-41), Lur (pp. 43-8), Lur-i buzurg (pp. 48-9), Lur-i kuchik (pp. 49-51), Luristan (pp. 51-4) ; fasc. JSulaimaniya (pp. 563-5), Sulduz

(pp. 565-6),


(pp. 573-4),



(p. 572),

Sultaniya (pp. 574-5), Sunkur (p. 581), Tabriz (pp. 612-623).


44. Decouverte descriptions pehlevies a Derbend, J.A., avril 1929, pp. 357-8.

45. Reviews in J.A., juillet 1929, pp. 166-179, and octobre 1929, pp. 352-4 :

Mann-Hadank, Kurdisch-persische Forschungen, Band I, Abt. III. VavilovBukinich, Agricultural Afghanistan.

46. Drogmanat en Perse.

Repertoire de droit international, publie par La

Pradelle et Niboyet, V, pp. 706-8.


Articles mE.L: fasc. 39-Maiyafarikin (pp. 166-170) ; fasc. 39-40-

Maku (pp. 191-4), Ma'lthai (p. 228), Ma'muret al-'Aziz (p. 239), Mand (pp 251-2),


(pp. 252-4) ;




(pp. 641-4),

Tahmurath (pp. 647-9) ; fasc. L-Tarom (pp. 709-712), Tasudj (pp. 727-8), Tat (pp. 733-6), Tawakkul b. Bazzaz (p. 739), Teheran (pp. 750-6).


48. Le nom de Dvin. Kasal = Kazakh.

Revue des Etudes Armeniennes,

X/l, pp. 117-123.

49. Review in BSOS, V/4, pp. 903-10 :

Hadi Hasan, Falaki-Shirwam.

50. Transcaucasica, Journ. As., juillet 1930, 41-111. (1) Le nom de Dvin ; (2) Soghdabll et Ardabil ; (3) Kasal et Kazakh ; (4) La forteresse Ahndjak ; (5) Min-G6l et les expeditions de Timur ;

(6) Bab al-Lal = Lalvar.

51. Essai de- bibliographie de J. Markwart, J.A., octobre 1930, pp. 313324 (v.s. 41).

52. Livres scolaires en kurde.

Revue des etudes ishmiques, 1930-1, pp.


53 Articles inU. I. : fasc. 41-Manisa (pp. 261-2) ; Maragha (pp. 177-182 , Maraud (pp. 283-4), Mardin (pp. 290-3) ; fasc. M-Tiflis (pp. 791-^02), Timur-Tash (pp. 822-3), Tufaili (p. 863), Tugha-Timur (pp. 863-5). 64. A. J, Wilson, A Bibliography of Persia (collaboration).


bibliography of the publications 1931

55. (In collaboration with the experts of the sub-committees and T. Cox)

Catalogue of the International Exhibition of Persian Art at the Royal Academy of Arts. 1931.

London, 7th January-28th February,

306 pp.

56. Articles in Collier's National Encyclopedia, New York (1,539 words in all): Persian language and writing ; Kurdish; Balochi ; Afghan;

Turco-Mongol-Tunguz ; Turkish; Mongol;

57. Two unknown Persian manuscripts 833/1429,

and Jaml's Khamsa,

Tunguz ;


(Firdausi's Shah-ndma,

dated 928/1522).




February, 1931, pp. 71-5, 5 illustrations.

58. The Luristan bronzes (read at the Congress of Persian Art, 5th January, 1931).

Apollo, February, 1931, pp. 141-2.

59. The Mosque of Veramin, illustrated by B. Morosov. 1931, pp.

Apollo March


60. Les Tsiganes LulI et les Lurs persans, J.A., avril 1931 305.

up '



61. Review in J. A., juillet 1931, pp. 179-182 : F. Babinger, Die Geschichtsschreiber der Osmanen und ihre Werke.

62. Reviews in BSOS, VI/3, pp. 786-803 : Perse (pp. 786-7) ;

J. B. Tavernier, Voyages en

Zambaur, Manuel de genealogie (pp. 797-802) ;


Strange, The lands of the Eastern Caliphate (pp. 802-3).

63. Articles in E. I. :

fasc. 44-Masmughan (pp. 452-3), Mazandaran

(pp. 486-491), Mazyar (pp. 498-9);

fasc. NTuran (p. 924), Turan

(pp. 924-930), Turkman-Chai (p. 943).


64. (In collaboration with Mrs. T. Minorsky.)

Translation into French of

S. F. Platonov, yneSuHK pyccKoii HCTopHH ('Manual of History of Russia '), Histoire du monde publiee sous la direction de M. E. Cavaignac tome VII/1 (1931), pp. 469-588), tome VIII/4 (1932), pp. 1-244.

65. Les etudes historiques et geographiques sur la Perse depuis 1930. I.

Acta Orientalia, Leiden, vol. X, pp. 278-293.

66. Review in BSOS, VI/4, pp. 1021-6 :

(v. i. 86.)

Muhammad Nazim, The life of

Sultan Mahmud.

67. La domination des Dailamites. PSEI, No. 3, 26 pp.

Reviewed : Byzantion,

by F. Taeschner, OLZ, 1933, No. 12, p. 758 ;

1932, VII, pp.

A. Abel,


68. Reviews in J.A., juillet 1932, pp. 168-171 : A. Guy, Les poemes erotiques

de Hafiz (pp. 168-171) ; Wilkinson-Binyon, Tlie Sluih-Ndmah of Firdausi (pp. 171-4) ; Sir T. Arnold, Bihzdd and his paintings in the Zafar-ndma (pp. 174-5) ; P. Schwarz, Iran im MitteldUer (pp. 175-9).

oe professor v. minorsky


69. Review in The Moslem World, October, 1932, p. 416 :

R. Levy, The

sociology of Islam, I.

70. Articles in E. I. :

fasc. 45Meshhed-i Misriyan (pp. 545-6) ;


' p_Tus (pp. 1026-1032), Tusan (p. 1032) ; fasc. QUrmiya (pp. 10881093), Urm (p. 1093), Ushnu (pp. 1106-7), Uwais (pp. 1119-1120), Uzbek (pp. 1121-3), Uzun-Hasan (pp. 1123-7).


71. La Perse au xve siecle entre la Turquie et Venise, PSEI, No. 8, 23 pp.

72. Review in BSOS, VII/1, p. 225 :

Ta'rlkh-i Jahdn-gushay of Juwaini,

ed. E. D. Ross, Vol. III.

73. Remarks on the Romanized Kurdish alphabet, JRAS, July, 1933, pp. 643-650.

74 Articles in E. I. : fasc. 48Muhammad Hasan khan (p. 734), Mukan ' (pp

758-760) ;

fasc. 49Musafrri (pp. 794-6) ;

fasc. RWakhan (p.

1162), Wan (pp. 1178-1180), Waramln (p. 1182);

fasc. S-Yaghma

Djandaki (pp. 1208-9).


75. Review in JRAS, January, 1934, pp. 155-6 : E. G. Browne, A descriptive Catalogue of Oriental MSS. belonging to the late E. G. Browne.


Reviews in BSOS, VII/2 (pp. 448-466) : Sir A. Stein, On ancient Central Asian tracks (pp. 448-9) ; C


Hasan-i Rumlu, Ahsanu't-tawdrlkh, ed

Seddon (pp. 449-453) ;

Sir E. D. Ross, Sir A. Sherley (pp. 457-460) ;

(pp. 461-3);


L. L. Bellan, Chah Abbas (pp. 455-7) ;

Sir A. T. Wilson, Persia

Bibliografiya Vostoka, I, 1932 (pp. 464-5);


Bibliografiya Kitaya (pp. 465-6).

77. Review in BSOS, VII/3, pp. 699-700 : Ahmad 'Ali khan Khuda-dada, Ruz-i siyah-i kargar.


Esquisse d'une histoire de Nadir-chah, PSEI, No. 10, 46 pp.

Reviewed by Bjorkman, OLZ, 1935, No. 5, col. 324. Orient.,



F. Tauer, Arch.


Translated into Persian by Rashid-i Yasami, and edited by Komisyon-i ma'arif, Tehran 1313 H., 135 pp.

79. Articles in E. I.:

fasc. 49-Nadir (pp. 865-870);

fasc. 50-Nakh-

chuwan (pp. 897-8), Nakhshab (p. 898), Narshakhi (p. 904), Nasa (pp. 904-5);

fasc. T-Zandjan (pp. 1282-3), Ziin (p. 1372), Zurkhana (pp.

1313-14). Supplement, fasc. 1-Ahl-i Hakk (pp. 9-16), Arterum (pp. 34-6), Baward




bibliography of the publications 1935

80. The rupture between Sunna and Shi'a in Islam, Religion, London January, 1935, No. 11, pp. 14-20.

81 . Ferdousi's monument unveiled. The School of Oriental Studies Magazine February, 1935, 1/5, pp. 5-8.

82. Review in J. A., juillet 1935, pp. 161-2 : H. G. Ray, The dynastic history of Northern India, I.

83. Reviews in BSOS, VII/4, pp. 988-997 : DschalaUddm Rumi (pp. 988-9) ;

Richter, Persiens Mystilcer

W. Foster, England's quest of Eastern

Trade (pp. 989-990) ; C. H. Seddon, Ahsanu't-Tawarikh, II (translation) (pp. 990-4) ; W. E. D. Allen, A history of the Georgian people (pp. 994-7). 84. Reviews in BSOS, VIII/1, pp. 254-263 : Iran, I ;

M. Ishaque, Sukhanvardn-i

C. A. Storey, Persian literature, II/l, 1935 ;

Dialogues in the Eastern Turki, 1934 ;

Sir E. D. Ross

E. Saussey, Prosateurs turcs con-

temporams, I, 1935 ; Ali Nihat, Seyhi divanmi tetkik, I, 1934 ; E. Maillart,

Turkestan solo, 1934 ; Le Fevre, An Eastern Odyssey, 1935 ; Sir P. Sykes,' A history of exploration, 1934.

85. Articles in E. I. :

fasc. 51Nihawand (pp. 974-5), Nirlz (p. 989)

Nizam-shahi (p. 1004) ; fasc. 52 'Omar Khaiyam (pp. 1053-7).


86. Articles in E. I.

fasc. 54-Raiy (pp. 1182-5), Ram-Hurmuz (pp.

1191-2) ; fasc. 55Rus (pp. 1262-5), Ruyan (pp. 1271-2).


87. Hudud al-'Alam, ' The regions of the world,' a Persian geography (a.h. 372-a.d. 982), translated and explained by V. Minorsky.


the Preface by V. V. Barthold (f 1930) translated from the Russian Illustrated by 12 maps.

E. J. W. Gibb Memorial, New Series XI


+ 524 pp.

Reviewed by : P. M. Sykes, JRCAS, July 1937, p. 507 ; Sh. Inayatullah Isl. Culture, October, 1937, XI, No. 4, 540-2 ; A. J. Arberry, G. J., August' 1937, pp. 185-6; L. Lockhart, JRCAS, 1938, pp. 60-3; the same

Naft Magazine, November, 1937, p. 18 ; XII, pp. 645-650 ;

R. Levy, JRAS, April, 1938, pp. 296-7 ;

La science arabe, Leiden, 1939, p. 118 ;


H. Gregoire, Byzantion, 1937, A Mieli'

H. H. Schaeder, in Markwart'

Wehrot, 1938, p. 52 ; George C. Miles, The Geographical Review (N. York)' July, 1938, pp. 513-14 ; J. C. Tavadia, The Iran League Quarterly (Bom¬ bay), October, 1938, IX/1, pp. 54-5; Hinz, OLZ, 1939, No. 3, p. 176;

I. Umnyakov, Vestnik drevney istorii (Leningrad), 3 (4), 1938, pp. 211-18 Sir D. Ross, Antiquity, March, 1940, pp. 101-2. XXVI, 1942, p. 62.

Taeschner, Der Islam






88. Une nouvelle source persane sur les Hongrois au Xe srlcLE. Nouvelle Revue de Hongrie, Budapest, avril 1937, pp. 305-12.

89. Les etudes historiques et geographiques sur la Perse, II.

(v. s. 62.)

Acta Orientalia, XVI/1, pp. 49-58.

90. The Khazars and the Turks in the Akam al-Marjan, BSOS, IX/1, pp.


91. A Persian geographer of a.d. 982 on the orography of Central Asia.

G. J., September, 1937, pp. 259-264.

92. Une nouvelle siecle.



Academic des inscriptions.

sur l'Asie

Centrale au XIe

Comptes-rendus des seances de I'annSe

1937, pp. 317-324.

93. Review in Deutsche Literatur Zeilung, 6th June, 1937, col. 953-7 : W. Hinz, /raws Aufstieg zum Nationalstaat.

94. Review in Religion, April, 1937, No. 19, p. 45 : Oriental studies in honour of C. E. Pavry.

95. Review in JRAS, October, 1 937, p. 688 : Fihrist-i kitdb-khdna-yi Ddnishkada.

96. Review in BSOS, VIII/4, pp. 1172-5 : S. A. Kasravi, Tdrikh-i pansad sdla-yi


97. Reviews in BSOS, IX/1, pp. 234-258 : Atlidr-i Iran, 1/1 and 2 (p. 234) ; Bayani, Hdfiz-i Abru (p. 235) ;

Saunders, Tamerlane (p. 237) ;


Irans Aufstieg '{p. 239) ; C. Sykes, Wasmuss (p. 244) ; Tuulio, Du nouveau

sur Idrisi (p. 246) ; A. Herrman, Hist. Atlas of China (p. 249) ; Polievktov, Evrop. putesh. po Kavkazu (p. 250) ; (p. 251) ;

Hamilton, Road through Kurdistan

Tarbiyat, Danishmanddn-i Azarbayjan (p. 251).

98. Articles in E. I. : Supplement fasc. 4-Mukan (pp. 164-5), Musha'sha' (pp. 173-6). 1938

99. Geographical factors in Persian Art.

BSOS, IX/3, pp. 621-652.

100. A soyurghal of Qasim b. Jahangir Aq-qoyunlu (903/1498).


IX/4, pp. 927-960.

101. (In collaboration with G. V. Vernadsky) :


G. Vernadsky.



Russian and

O cocraBe BejfflKOit hch

Oriental history, edited by

Les editions Petropolis, BruxeUes 1939, pp. 40-52.


Russian translation of Juwayni, I, 16-25.)

102. A civil and military review in Fars in 881/1474.

BSOS, X/l, pp.


103. Review in JRAS, January, 1939, pp. 105-8 :

A. Christensen, L'Iran

sous les Sasanides.

104. Review in BSOS, IX/4, pp. 1119-1123 : L. Lockhart, Nadir Shah. 105. Reviews in BSOS, X/l, pp. 258-263 : M. F. Sanaullah, The decline of the Saljuqid Empire ;

C. J. Hawker, Simple coUoquial Persian.


bibliography of the publications 1940

106. The Turkish dialect of the Khalaj, BSOS, X/2, pp. 417-437.

107. Reviews in BSOS, X/2, pp. 539-545 : Storey, Persian Literature, II/3 (pp. 539-541) ; N. C. Debevoise, A political history of Parthia (pp. 541-2) ; Masse, Croyances et coutumes persanes (pp. 542-5).

108. Les origines des Kurdes, Travaux du XX* Congres International des Orientalistes, Brussels, 1940, 143-152.

109. (In collaboration with M. Minovi) Nasjr al-din Tusi on finance BSOS X/3, 1940, pp. 755-789.



110. The Middle East in Western politics in the 13th, 15th, and 16th centuries, JRCAS, XXVII, October, 1940, pp. 427-461.

111. A Catalogue of Turkish Manuscripts in Mr. A. Chester Beatty's collection.

Oxford University Press, 107 pp. folio.


112. Reviews : E. E. Leach, Social and economic organization of the Rowanduz Kurds, 1939.

The Geographical Journal, April, 1941, pp. 254-5.

Elwell-Sutton, Colloquial Persian, 1941.

L. P.

The Times Educational Supple¬

ment, 22nd March, 1941, p. 130.


113. Sharaf al-Zaman Tahir Marvazi :

James G. Forlong Fund, Vol. XXII.

on China, the Turks and India

The Royal Asiatic Society, pp 170

(English) + 52 (Arabic).


B. Zakhoder, Izv. Vsesoyuzn. Geogr. Obshch., 75/6, 1943, pp.

25-43 ;

Chou, Yi-liang, Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies, September,

1945, pp. 13-25 ; L. Petech, Oriente Moderno, XXVII, 1947, pp. 245-7

J. Sauvaget, Journal Asiatique, 1948, t. 236, pp. 170-1. [Introduction and

chapter on China translated into Persian by H. Gerist and M. Nehavandi in Nashriya-ye






pp. 387-410.]

114. The Poetry of Shah Isma'Il, BSOS, X/4, pp. 1006o-1053a.

115. Reviews



X/4 :

Numismatics, pp. 1014-15 ;




Bibliography of Muslim

G. Miles, Numismatic History of Rayy, pp.

1023-4 ; Ghulam Sarwar, History of Shah Isma'il Safawi, pp. 1025-8.

116. Some Early Documents in Persian (I), JRAS, 1942, Part 3, pp. 181194.


117. Tadhkirat al-Muluk.

A manual of Safavid Administration (circa

1137/1725). Persian text in facsimile (B.M.Or. 9496) translated and ex¬ Gibb Memorial Series, n.s., XVI, 218 + 130 pp.



118. Oriental


in the U.S.S.R.,






pp. 81-101.

119. al-Darasat al-'arabiya fi Rusiya-Sufitiya, in al-Mustami' al-'arabi, 21st February,


120. Some Early Documents in Persian (II), JRAS, 1943/1, pp. 86-99. 121. The Guran, BSOAS, XI/1, pp. 75-103. 1944

122. L'Epopee Persane et la Litterature Populaire Russe in Hazdr-sdla-yi Firdausi, Tehran, 1944, pp. 48-57.

123. A Manual of Safavid Administration, JRCAS, January, 1944, pp. 93-7.

124. Roman and Byzantine Campaigns in Atropatene, BSOAS, 1944, XI/2, - pp. 243-265.

Review by E. Honigmann in Byzantium, XVII, 1944-5, pp. 389-393. 1945

125. KhaqanI and Andronicus Comnenus, BSOAS, 1945, pp. 550-578.

126. Reviews in BSOAS, XI/3, pp. 659-663 : Sir A. Stein, Old routes in Western Iran;

0. Lattimore, Mongol journeys ; D. Tutaeff, The Soviet Caucasus.

127. Sir Percy Sykes (obituary notice), in Nature, 28th July, 1945.

128. Reviews









1945 :

Vernadsky, Ancient Russia, pp. 155-7 ; Sumner, Survey of Russian History, pp. 157-9 ; Vernadsky, A History of Russia, pp. 159-161.


129. VIs-u-RamIn, a Parthian romance (I), BSOAS, 1946, XI/4, pp. 741-63. 130. Reviews in BSOAS, XI/4, pp. 876-883 : H. R. Roemer, Der Niedergang

Irans ;

M. S. Ivanov, The Babi risings ;

V. A. Gordlevsky, The Seljuk

state in Asia Minor. 1947

131. VIs-u-RamIn (II), BSOAS, XII/1, pp. 20-35.

132. Medieval Studies in the U.S.S.R. (from E. A. Kosminsky, with addi¬ tions), in Bull, of the Institute of Historical Research, XX, 1947, pp. 19-21. 1948

133. Tamtm ibn Bahr's Journey to the Uyghurs, BSOAS, 1948, XII/2, pp. 275-305.

134. Review in BSOAS, XII/2, pp. 441-5 : G. H. Darab, Makhzan al-Asrar. 135. GardizI on India, BSOAS, 1948, XII/3, pp. 625-640.

136. [Caucasica I] : Caucasica in the History of MayyafariqIn, BSOAS, 1948, XII/4, pp. 27-35.

' 137. A False JayhanI, BSOAS, 1948, XII/4, pp. 89-96.


bibliography of the publications 1949

138 In collaboration with C. Cahen :

Le Recueil Transcaucasien de

Mas'ud b. Namdar (12« siecle), in Journal Asiatique, tome CCXXXVII 1949, No.

1, pp. 286-336.

139. The Tribes of Western Iran, in J. R. Anthropological Institute, Vol. 75 Parts 1-2, 1945 (published in 1949), pp. 73-80.


140. Review in Bibliotheda Orientalis (Leiden), VII, No. 2, Mars 1950, pp. 50-1 :

Safrastian, Kurds and Kurdistan, 1948.

141. Marvazi on the Byzantines, in Melanges H. Greqoire, II, BruxeUes 1950,










(III) depuis

1935, in Acta

Onentaha, Copenhagen, XXI, pp. 108-123.

143. Geographes et Voyageurs Musulmans in Bulletin de la Societe Royale de Geographie d'Egypte, Le Caire, Nov. 1951, pp. 19-46.

144. Caucasica II : The Georgian Maliks of Ahar.

The Princes Orbeli

in Persia. In BSOAS, 1951, XIiI/4, pp. 868-877.

145. On some of Biruni's Informants, in Al-Biruni Commemoration Volume Calcutta, 1951, pp. 233-6.


146. Two Iranian Legends in Abu-Dulaf's Second Risala, in Archaeologica Onentaha in memoriam E. Herzfeld, New York, 1952, pp. 72-8. 147. La Deuxieme Risala d'ABu-DuLAF, in Oriens, V/I, 23-7.

148. Caucasica III : The Alan Capital Magas and the Mongol Campaigns in BSOAS, XIV/2, pp. 221-238.




149. Aynallu/Inallu, in Recueil a la memoire de T. Kowalski (Varsovie). 150. The Clan of the Qara-Qoyunlu Rulers, in F. Kdpriilu Armaqani Istanbul, 1952.


151. Studies in Caucasian History : Ganja ;


(2) The Shaddadids of Ani ;

New light on the Shaddadids of

(3) Prehistory of Saladin.

Oriental series of the University of Cambridge, Vol. 6. 152. (In

collaboration with




In the

(170 -f 19 pp.)


of I.


Krachkovsky's Among Arabic manuscripts and A history of modern Arabic literature (Leiden, Brill).


Ready for



153. Abu-Dulaf's Second Risala (Arabic text and commentary). 154. A History of Darband and Sharvan (lOth-llth century) (Arabic text and commentary).

155. Thomas

156. (In

of Metsop'


Barthold's A Bek ;





Timurid-Turkman Wars.


Minorsky) :

history of Turkestan ;


'Ali-Sher Navd'l.

In Preparation 157. A Short History of Persia.


of V.

history of Semirechyi ;



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