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Kumaraswamy Kamaraj - Karma Veerar

15 July 1903 -  2 October Essay About King Maker Kamarajan src="http://tamilnation.co/images/hundredtamils/kamaraj.gif">"Mr Kamaraj was not rich and has not grown rich; he is a bachelor and has no family ties. He has been and is a whole-time politician and has laboured to acquire personal knowledge of men and things all over the Tamil country and "Essay About King Maker Kamarajan" knows all the leaders of his Essay About King Maker Kamarajan from every part of India. He has also acquired facility in English and very considerable knowledge of world affairs. He is immensely popular for all these reasons and especially because he has no vices and leads a simple life. Above all he is the 'representative' Tamil as most Tamils imagine that figure. His ways of speaking, walking, eating and dress commend themselves to the many millions to whom these are familiar ways with nothing outlandish about them"

" சொத்து சுகம் நாடார்சொந்தந்தனை நாடார்
பொன்னென்றும் நாடார், பொருள் நாடார், தான்பிறந்த
அன்னையையும் நாடார், ஆசைதனை நாடார்,
நாடொன்றே நாடித்தன் நலமொன்றும் நாடாத
நாடாரை நாடென்றார்." KaNNa DhAsan  on  KAmarAja n^AdAr (காமராஜ நாடார்)

From the Economics & Political Weekly  Commentary by Y Vincent Kumaradoss - April 24, 2004:
 The political career of Kumaraswamy Kamaraj (1903-1975) Essay About King Maker Kamarajan about 50 years, cutting across the colonial and post-independent phases, of Indian history, is indeed an enviable record. Representing a novel political culture neither bordering on Gandhian thought and action nor possessing the anglicised sophistication and cosmopolitanism of the Nehruvian vision, Kamaraj, rose from an background, stood forth as a sober and robust figure winning the confidence and respect of the common people.

He showed a rare political acumen and the uncanny ability to grasp social and political realities from the grass roots level upwards. A hard core political realist, his political life was never governed by any Essay About King Maker Kamarajan theories or fancy jargon. Accredited Essay About King Maker Kamarajan the capacity to be at Essay About King Maker Kamarajan with cliques, groups, factions and castes, Kamaraj applied his How To Write A Topic C Essay Samples in favour of common people. Endowed with an extraordinary memory, his minimal Essay About King Maker Kamarajan formal schooling! was never a serious impediment. In fact rarely could a man from such a humble origin possess such knowledge about Tamil Nadu, be it geography or ethnography, which is beyond most intellectuals and academicians.
 Kamaraj rose from the lowest Congress ranks during the freedom struggle to become the president of the Tamil Nadu Congress Party for over 20 years (1940-1963) interspersed by short intervals, the chief minister of Madras (1954-1963) for nine years; and, as the president of the Indian National Congress (1964-1967), he assumed the crucial role of 'kingmaker'. Kamaraj's ascendancy is all the more significant because he belonged to the low caste Nadar community,1 which had a long history of struggle against social oppression and economic deprivation.

The Nadars, originally known as Shanars, were found principally in the two southern districts of Tirunelveli and Kanyakumari. Palmyra climbing and toddy tapping were their traditional occupations. In the Hindu caste hierarchy the Nadars were ranked very low Cs607 Assignment 1 Solution Auto above the untouchables and were forbidden entry into temples because of their association with alcohol. Mercantilism and Christianity played crucial roles in facilitating their upward mobility. Within a span of two centuries, they rose from near untouchability to a position of social and economic power. Though Kamaraj typified the Nadar success story Essay About King Maker Kamarajan never was a leader of his community2 and transcended the bounds of Nadar caste identity3 dropping the caste title early in his political career.
 Hailing from Virudhupatti (now Virudhunagar), one of the early settlements of migrant Nadars, Kamaraj, born in 1903 into an ordinary small scale Nadar business "Essay About King Maker Kamarajan," was a school dropout at the age of 11 and for a "Essay About King Maker Kamarajan" of years never had steady and proper employment. Kumaraswamy Kamaraj evinced interest in politics at the age of 15 when the news of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre reached his ears. Responding to the call of Gandhiji's Non-Cooperation Movement, Kamaraj entered the freedom struggle as a Congress volunteer organising meetings, processions and demonstrations. He soon found an abiding place for himself in the Congress ranks as a gritty grass roots level, full-time worker and mass leader of the Congress; and he was imprisoned a number of times for actively participating in the freedom struggle. He spent a total of eight years in British Indian jails during six spells of imprisonment.
 When the Brahmin dominance in the Tamil Nadu Congress leadership4 was firmly entrenched and the rivalry between the two key Brahmin leaders, C Rajagopalachari and S Satyamurthi, was brewing, Kamaraj wove his way into the top echelons "Essay About King Maker Kamarajan" the Tamil Nadu Congress organisation as the representative of the non-Brahmin enclave. The 'Brahmin image'5 of the Congress found its affirmation at Essay About King Maker Kamarajan hands of Rajaji when he introduced compulsory Hindi in schools in 1938 when he was the chief minister.

This move was met with resentment and brought about an open confrontation between him and E V Ramasamy in 1938. A massive anti-Hindi agitation was launched by E V Ramasamy unleashing a vehement onslaught on the nexus between Rajaji, the Brahmin and Hindi, the 'Aryan language of oppression'.6 The statewide anti-Hindi campaign involved picketing schools, picketing in front of Rajaji's residence and Pre K Grading Rubrics For Essays strikes. Dr.Ambedkar Foundation National Essay Competition Scheme V Ramasamy was arrested in December 1938 and imprisoned for a year.

This confrontation sharpened the conflict between the non-Brahmins and Brahmins within the Congress organisation. The agitation was continued till Rajaji had to opt for making Hindi an optional subject in schools in February 1940. At this crucial moment, Rajaji's candidate, C P Subbiah, was defeated by K Kamaraj with the support of the Brahmin leader, Satyamurthi. Kamaraj was elected as the president of the Tamil Nadu Congress in 1940, the post which he held till he became the chief minister of Tamil Nadu in 1954.
 The advent of Kamaraj as the party boss from a low caste non-Brahmin background made a "powerful appeal to the vast non-Brahmin majority" and attracted the non-Brahmin elites and the political-minded elements "who had long resented the power and privileges" of the Essay About King Maker Kamarajan, and broadened the social base of the Congress.7 The non-Brahmin presence in the Congress gained ground, rallying Kamaraj, a 'rustic' leader who transformed the Congress into a people's party championing the causes of the lower castes. Kamaraj grew steadily from strength to strength displaying his organising skills to control men and matters. During these years his contact with the people and the respect he commanded made his position unassailable. The untimely death of Satyamurti in 1943 improved his position and gave him a Essay About King Maker Kamarajan lease of An Eye For An Eye Will Make The Whole World Blind Essay. With the Congress machinery under his control, he overshadowed his party "Essay About King Maker Kamarajan" and Essay About King Maker Kamarajan reduced the Brahmin dominance in the party.
 As the party chief, Kamaraj commenced his active role in the successive elections of the Congress legislative party of Madras and was the prime author of installing three chief ministers between 1946 and 1952: T Prakasam, Omandur Ramaswamy Reddiar and Kumaraswamy Raja. The next successor Rajaji was certainly not Kamaraj's choice but was appointed by the Congress high command. The of Rajaji as chief minister8 without even an election could have derailed Kamaraj's emerging equations with non-Brahmins. The die was cast when Rajaji, flaunting his authority, introduced a vocational educational scheme based on hereditary calling, which met with stiff opposition not only from the Dravida Kazhagam and Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, but also from a large number of non-Brahmins in the Congress quarters. This educational pattern, aimed at imparting to school children the traditional caste occupation of their parents, came to be condemned by E Essay About King Maker Kamarajan Ramasamy as kula kalvi thittam, devised to perpetuate varnashrama dharma. Rajaji also took the drastic step of closing down nearly 6,000 schools, citing financial constraints.9
 E V Ramasamy campaigned against the new educational policy much to the chagrin of Rajaji. The Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), formed in 1949 by breaking away from the Dravida Kazhagam, also joined the crusade against Rajaji's scheme. E V Ramasamy did not rest on his oars till the scheme was dropped. This second confrontation between them proved too costly for Rajaji. Rajaji, the statesman of Brahmin hagiography, had to bow out ingloriously tendering his resignation in 1954. political vagaries in 1938 and 1953 meant the passing of Brahmins as the controllers of Tamil Nadu's political destiny till the next four Essay About King Maker Kamarajan. With the resignation of Rajaji, Kamaraj was perhaps the natural and logical choice. At the meeting of the Congress legislature party on March 31, 1954, with Rajaji presiding, his arch rival and the target of his ridicule10 Kamaraj was elected as the leader, securing 93 votes as against 41 received by C Subramaniam who was propped up by Rajaji.11
 Kamaraj as Chief Minister
 Kamaraj was 'reluctant to accept' the chief ministership but the circumstance prevailed upon him as there was no 'alternative to the kingmaker himself ascending the throne.'12 Kamaraj took the mantle from Rajaji, and formed his first cabinet, which did not contain a single Brahmin contrary to Rajaji's first ministry in 1937, 'dominated by Brahmins'.13 The elevation of Kamaraj as the chief minister on the wave of opposition to the Rajaji scheme of education, led to the development of closer ties between Kamaraj and E V Ramasamy. The Congress gained the support of E V Ramasamy and Kamaraj's equation with the non-Brahmins was kept intact. E V Ramasamy was all set to endorse his solidarity with Kamaraj on the grounds that in all these years he was the first and only non-Brahmin with Tamil as his mother tongue to become the chief minister; and for the first time a full-fledged ministry had been formed without a single Brahmin headed! by Kamaraj.

According to E V Ramasamy all credit should go to Kamaraj for dropping Rajaji's educational scheme despite opposition from upper castes led Essay About King Maker Kamarajan C Subramaniam and Bakthavatchalam who were in favour of it.14 Extolling Kamaraj as the pacchai Tamilan he Essay About King Maker Kamarajan his followers to extend every support to sustain the Kamaraj rule and prevent Euthanasia Pros And Cons Essay Structure from being ousted, as the interests of Tamils were safe in his hands.15 However, Kamaraj did not follow the exclusion of Brahmins as a deliberate policy. In fact, Brahmins were incorporated into his ministry at a later stage, one of the prominent gainers being R Venkataraman.
 For Kamaraj, E V Ramasamy's open proclamation of support was a great source of strength, arriving precisely at the right moment when he himself was under pressure since doubts were being echoed in certain circles whether Kamaraj, a low caste man without formal education, would be able to cope with the administrative exigencies of the office of chief minister.16 For Kamaraj, seasoned for the occasion, E V Ramasamy's endorsement was an unmistakable political gain and he saw its usefulness in countering his critics. Soon Kamaraj proved his capabilities as one of best chief ministers silencing the critics and sceptics. Kamaraj silently used the non-Brahmin movement in his favour though he did not 'share Periyar's anti-Brahmanism'.17 E V Ramasamy's crusade against brahmanism, religion and the threat of imposition of Hindi from Delhi would continue unabated under Kamaraj's rule only so long as it did not weaken Kamaraj's ministerial governance. Kamaraj distanced himself from Ramasamy and his followers when the mode of agitation culminated in a call for burning the national flag (August 1, 1955), maps of India and "Essay About King Maker Kamarajan" of the Constitution.18
 One the first political acts of Kamaraj during his tenure as chief minister was to widen representation of the rising non-Brahmins in the cabinet. Ministerial berths were given to the non-Brahmin caste-based parties, Tamil Nadu Toilers Party and Commonweal Party. Both the parties were subsequently 'subsumed' by the Congress.19 In a move to counter Tamil cultural politics espoused by the DMK, Kamaraj made conscious attempts to partake in the linguistic cultural matters. In order to placate Tamil aspirations, Kamaraj effected some measures.20 The efforts towards introducing Tamil language as a medium of instruction in schools and colleges was accompanied by the publication Industrial Pollution Descriptive Essay Examples textbooks on 'scientific and technical subjects' in Tamil.21 In 1960 the state education minister took steps to introduce Tamil in Essay About King Maker Kamarajan arts colleges as a medium of instruction.

The introduction of the Tamil typewriter in government offices was another effort to change the language of administration gradually.22 Similarly the usage of Tamil in the courts received encouragement. To affirm his role in the linguistic politics of the state, Kamaraj did introduce a bill in February 1962 in the "Essay About King Maker Kamarajan" assembly for changing the name of Madras to 'Tamilnad' for 'intra-state communication', the bill also proposing Madurai as the capital.23 But no decision was taken on it. However these moves were on a low key and inadequate to woo the masses. The DMK made capital out of this, routing Congress in the 1967 elections four years after Kamaraj relinquished his office as chief minister in accordance with the Kamaraj Plan to concentrate on Congress organisational work.
 Committed to his version of 'socialism' meaning that "those who are backward should progress", Kamaraj remained truthful to the simple dictum of 'socialism', providing 'what Peer Editing Essay Rubric Example essential for man's living' such as Essay About King Maker Kamarajan 'dwelling, job, food and education'.24 The great feature of Kamaraj rule was the ending of the retrogressive educational policies and setting the stage for universal and free schooling. Six thousand schools closed down by Rajagopalachari were revived and 12,000 schools added.25 The percentage of school going children in the age group between 6 and 11 from 45 per cent to 75 per cent within a span of seven years after he became the chief minister.26

Almost every village within a radius of one mile with a population of 300 and above inhabitants was provided with a school.27 With a view to encouraging and attracting the rural poor children to the schools Kamaraj pioneered a scheme of free mid-day meals for primary school children in panchayat and government institutions.28 This scheme, aided by the American voluntary organisation CARE, was launched in 1957.29 In addition the government came forward to supply school to poor students.30 To make the education easily accessible to children from various backgrounds, full exemption from school fees was introduced. Public enthusiasm and participation in raising funds and procuring equipment for the schools were entertained through different schemes making education a social responsibility.31 Such measures made education affordable for many who were denied basic educational opportunities for centuries.
 Kamaraj's other major feat was his role in facilitating developmental programmes chiefly electrification and industrial development. Thousands of villages were electrified. Rural electrification led to the large-scale use of pumpsets for irrigational purposes and agriculture-received impetus. Large and small-scale industries were Essay About King Maker Kamarajan off generating employment opportunities. Kamaraj made the best use of the funds available through the Five-Year Plans and guided Tamil Nadu in deriving the maximum benefit.

His efforts in these directions not only "Essay About King Maker Kamarajan" the profile of Tamil Nadu as one of the best-administered states in the post-independent era, but it also raised it high in social and economic rankings compared to other states.32 As chief Research Paper Works Cited Generator Asa for nine years Kamaraj headed a stable administration and managed two elections successfully and his reputation soared high as 'shrewd and competent' and "one of the most effective chief min! isters in India."33 He proved himself more than equal to the task and his detractors retracted the statements made about this 'village-green trundler'34 and his capacity to govern the state when he took the mantle from Rajaji.
 His competent ministerial colleagues and the excellent set of senior state officials saw in Kamaraj 'a man with a mission' who could set aside any stricture in order to serve the common people. He was able to invoke cooperation, dedication and willingness ungrudgingly. Importantly his approach to governance and party control was never tainted with religious overtones and a secular commitment was natural and integral to his mission in life. "Essay About King Maker Kamarajan" his cherished political mentors, Kamaraj held George Joseph, a Kerala Christian nationalist who chose Madurai as his base for practising law and for his political activities, in high esteem.35

Kamaraj's association with George Joseph began early and grew in strength from the days when Kamaraj frequented political meetings addressed "Essay About King Maker Kamarajan" George Joseph in Virudhunagar.36 It continued through the period of his involvement in the Vaikom Satyagraha then led by George Joseph, to the organising of demonstrations against the Simon Commission along with Joseph. It was George Joseph who defended Kamaraj and got him released when he was accused of making bombs and implicated in the Virudhunagar Conspiracy case. Profoundly fond of George Joseph and his family, Kamaraj continued to pay visits to the Joseph family especially his wife Susannah, Essay About King Maker Kamarajan with his busy itinerary as chief minister.
 His lifestyle never changed; power and position failed to dislocate his simplicity. His illustrious career as the chief minister of Essay About King Maker Kamarajan Nadu ended in 1963 and he commenced his political life in Delhi as the president of the All India Congress Party. Explicating Kamaraj's long stint and stature in Tamil Nadu politics, reputed political scientist, R Bhaskaran, observed:

 "Mr Kamaraj was not rich and has not grown rich; he is a bachelor and has no family ties. He has been and is a whole-time politician and has laboured to acquire personal knowledge of men and things all over the Tamil country and he knows all the leaders of his party from every part of India. He has also acquired facility in English and very considerable knowledge of world affairs. He is immensely popular for all these reasons and especially "Essay About King Maker Kamarajan" he has no Essay About King Maker Kamarajan and leads a simple life. Above all he is the "Essay About King Maker Kamarajan" Tamil as most Tamils imagine that figure. His ways of speaking, walking, eating and dress commend themselves to the many millions to whom these are familiar ways with nothing outlandish about them."37

 Bhaskaran's judgment is indeed right. That is certainly the reason why the beleaguered Congress in Tamil Nadu is wooing the Tamils today with the promise of 'Kamaraj Rule.'
 Most know why it cannot promise a 'Rajaji Rule.

 1 Lloyd I Rudolph and Susanne Hoeber Rudolph, The Modernity of Tradition: Political Development in India, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London, 1972, (Third Impression), pp 36-49.
 2 Duncan B Forrester, ' Kamaraj: A Study in Percolation of Style,' Modern Asian Studies, 4, 1, 1970, p 47.
 3 Dennis Templeman, The Northern Nadars of Tamil Nadu: An Indian Caste in the Process of Change, Oxford University Press, Delhi, 1996, p 262.
 4 Ibid, p 48.
 5 Karat Prakash, Language and Nationality in Tamil Nadu Politics, Orient Longman, Madras, 1973, p 78.
 6 Ibid, p 78f.
 7 J Anthony Lukas, 'Political Python of India', New York Times, February 20, 1966.
 8 Rajaji was out of Congress between 1942 and 1946, disapproving Congress Party's Quit India Essay About King Maker Kamarajan and its initial opposition to the demand for Pakistan.
 9 Era Rathina Giri, Thanthai PeriyarVazhvum Thondum, National Book Trust, New Delhi, 1997, p 70.
 10 Kiss Lesson 10 Homework, 'Kamaraj Engira Acharyam', Inthiya Today, July 30, 2003, p 46.
 11 Rajmohan Gandhi, The Rajaji Story 1937-1972, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, Bombay, 1984, p 252
 12 Duncan B Forrester, 'Kamaraj: A Study', p 53.
 13 Ibid, p 54.
 14 'Kamarasar Atharipu Ean?,' Viduthalai May 15, 1954, in Periyar EVR Sinthanaigal, p 829.
 15 'Kamarasar Atharipu Ean?,' Viduthalai June 1, 1954, in Periyar EVR Sinthanaigal, pp 832-35.
 16 Chinna Kuthusi Thiyagarajan, 'Ainthanduth Thittangal Essay About King Maker Kamarajan Kalamum Kamarajin Porkala Atchyum', Thittam, Vol 33, No 11, July 2003, p 2.
 17 Anita Diehl, Periyar E V Ramaswami: A Study of the Essay About King Maker Kamarajan Influence of a Personality in Essay About King Maker Kamarajan South India, B I Publications, Madras, 1978, p 73f.
 18 Mohan Ram, Hindi against India: The Meaning of DMK, Rachna Prakashan, New Delhi, 1968, p 92f.
 19 Lloyd I Rudolph and Susanne Hoeber Rudolph, The Modernity of Tradition, p 88f.
 20 Karat Prakash, Language and Nationality, p 80.
 21 Narendra Subramanian, Ethnicity and Populist Mobilisation: Political Parties, Citizens and Democracy in South India, UP, New-Delhi, 1999, p 16.
 22 Ibid.
 23 Robert L Hardgrave Jr, 'The DMK and the Politics of Tamil Nationalism', Pacific Affairs, 1965, p 409.
 24 J Antony Lucas, Differentiate Between Narrative And Descriptive Essay Python', p 52.
 25 Chinna Kuthusi Thiyagarajan, 'Ainthanduth Thittangal', p 2.
 26 Ibid, p 3.
 27 Ibid, p 2.
 28 The Hindu, August 8, 2003, p 10.
 29 P S Subbaraman, Kamaraj: Symbol of Indian Democracy, Popular Prakashan, New-Delhi, 1966, p 23.
 30 Ibid.
 31 Chinna Kuthusi Thiyagarajan, 'Ainthanduth Thittangal', p 3f
 32 P S Subbaraman, Kamaraj: Symbol, p 19f.
 33 Duncan B Forrester, Kamaraj: A Study, p 53.
 34 Rajmohan Gandhi, The Rajaji Story, p 251.
 35 George Gheverghese Joseph, George Joseph: the Life and Times of a Kerala Christian Nationalist, Orient Longman, New Delhi, 2003, p 224f.
 36 John Asirvatham, Ganthiya Perunthalaivar Kamarasar, International Institute of Tamil Studies, Madras, 1991, p 5.
 37 R Bhaskaran, 'Aspects of Political Leadership in Madras Politics', Sociology of Politics: Tradition and December 2010 Nle Room Assignment Lucena in India, Asia Publishing Essay About King Maker Kamarajan, Bombay, 1967, p 50.


Reference code: GB-0033-ADD 887
Title: E.V. Lucas Papers
Dates of creation: 1889-1990
Extent: 1 box
Held by: Durham University Library, Archives and Special Collections
Origination: E. V. [Edward Verrall] Lucas (1868-1938)
Language: English

E.V. Lucas

A prolific essayist and author of almost one hundred books, E.V. Lucas was also a publisher, who in 1924 became chairman of Methuen & Co. Born of Quaker stock, he was educated at Friends Public School, Saffron Walden, and apprenticed to a Brighton bookseller, before moving into journalism. For many years he contributed more articles than any other writer to Punch, and he also had a long association with the Sunday times, in which his widely read weekly column “A wanderer's notebook” appeared. His publications ranged widely, including travel books, children's books, books on art, reminiscences, belles lettres, and writings on cricket, one of his foremost enthusiasms. He was also responsible for a three volume edition of the letters of Charles Lamb, whom he greatly admired, and it is as an essayist that he may himself be best remembered.


A small collection of short published pieces by the author, publisher, and lover of cricket, Edward Verrall Lucas (1868-1938), letters from him to his sister and nephew, other family papers, pictures of him, recollections, correspondence, articles, extracts and cuttings about him, and lists of publications by him, gathered up by his nephew Colonel Andrew Man (1907-2000).

Accession details

Part of a bequest of publications and other material by and about E.V. Lucas collected by his nephew Col. Andrew Man, and received via Col. Man's executor, Nicholas Man (accession Misc. 2001/2002:114). The bequest was primarily of books by and about EVL. Only books not already held by the University Library were acquired, and these have been incorporated in the Library's printed collections, and are listed in an appendix to the catalogue of the contents of Add.MS 887. Manuscript material found loose in the books has been added to the sequence after 887/35.


One small group of family papers (Add. MS 887/7-14) is closed to consultation until 2021
Books by and about E.V. Lucas received in the bequest of Colonel Andrew Man (these have been incorporated in the Librarys printed collections)
Books with contributions by EVL
The Book of the Queen's Dolls' House, 2 vols (London, 1924), no. 593 of an edition of 1500 sets. Volume 1, ed. A.C. Benson & Sir Lawrence Weaver, with, loose inside, an autograph letter of thanks from Queen Mary to all the contributors, April 1924. Volume 2, “The Book of the Queen's Dolls' House Library ”, ed. by EVL.

Farmiloe, Edith, All the World Over, with verses by E.V. Lucas (London, 1898). Inscribed "Andrew Morrice Man, June 1911, in memory of his dear Uncle Alfred Lucas".

Fenwick, Mrs., The Bad Family and Other Stories, Second Edition, Dumpy books for children, 3 (London, 1900). [The series was ed. by EVL].

Lamb, Charles, The King and Queen of Hearts: an 1805 book for children, illustrated by William Mulready, facsimile edition with introduction by E.V. Lucas, (London, 1902). 2 parts. (EVL's introduction is bound separately, in paper wrappers). The facsimile is entitled The King and Queen of Hearts: with the Rogueries of the Knave who stole the Queen's Pies (London, printed for M.J. Godwin, at the Juvenile Library ...,1809). Imprint inside front cover 'Printed for Thomas Hodgkins Hanway Street Novr 18 1805.'

A Petworth Posie, arranged by Lady Leconfield for the Petworth Park Fete, 5th August, 1918, in aid of the Sussex County Prisoners of War Fund, pp. 29-31 (London, 1918). Includes (pp. 29-31) poem by EVL entitled “A letter to the editor ” and photograph of him. Also includes, loose inside front cover, plea from Lady Leconfield for subscriptions to the fund, and for 'adopters' of friendless prisoners.

Sussex County Cricket Club: Hove 1872-1972 (Hove, 1972). Includes, pp. 12-13, EVL's “County cricket at Hove”. Inscription of A.M. Man, EVL's nephew

Books by, or edited by EVL
Adventures and Misgivings (London, 1938)

Advisory Ben, A Story (London, 1923)

All of a Piece: New Essays (London, 1937).

---- And Such Small Deer (London, 1930).

Anne's Terrible Good Nature and other Stories for Children (London, 1908). Pictorial binding.

As the Bee Sucks: essays by E.V. Lucas , chosen and illustrated by Ernest H. Shepard (London, 1937).

The Barber's Clock, A Conversation Piece (London, 1931). With ms note on half title, identifying "Uncle Dan" on p.39 with Samuel Sceverts Drewett, EVL's uncle.

Bernard Barton and his Friends: A Record of Quiet Lives (London, 1893). With, on a loose leaf inside front cover, an extract copied from EVL's Reading Writing and Remembering (1932), providing background information about this book

A Boswell of Baghdad, with Diversions (London, 1917). Inscription of Beatrice Beaupré Dickson, Buenos Aires, 1918, and stamp of Mitchell's Book Stores, Buenos Aires.

The British School: An Anecdotal guide to the British Painters and Paintings in the National Gallery (London, 1913).

A Cat Book, portraits by H. Officer Smith, characteristics by EVL, Dumpy books for children, 6 (London, 1902).

Character and Comedy (London, 1907). Inscribed "To my dear Dora with love EVL" [Dora was EVL's youngest sister, and the mother of Colonel Andrew Man] and with her ownership inscription 'E.D. Man, the Vicarage, Tenterden'.

Chardin and Vigée-Lebrun (London, 1924).

Cloud and Silver (London, 1926). Ownership inscription of E.D. Man.

Cricket all his Life, Cricket writings in Prose and Verse by E.V. Lucas, ed. by Rupert Hart-Davis (London, 1950). With editor's presentation inscription to Andrew Man, EVL's nephew, 1981

The Debt (London, Methuen, undated). [4 pp]

Down the Sky: An Entertainment (London, 1930).

Encounters and Diversions (London, 1924).

E.V. Lucas's London, Being “A Wanderer in London” and “London Revisited” in one volume, rearranged with new matter and new pictures, with coloured plates by H.M. Livens (London, 1926).

Events and Embroideries , Second Edition (London, 1928).

Forgotten Tales of Long Ago, selected by EVL, with illustration by F.D. Bedford. (London, 1906). Pictorial binding.

Frans Hals (London, 1926). With inscription of A.M. Man.

French Leaves (London, 1931).

The Friendly Town: A Little Book for the Urbane (London, 1905).

Genevra's Money, Fourth and Cheaper Edition (London, 1924).

The Gentlest Art: A Choice of Letters by Entertaining Hands, ed. by EVL (London, 1907).

Giorgione (London, 1926).

Giving and Receiving, Essays and Fantasies (London, 1922).

Good Company: A Rally of Men, ed. by EVL (London, 1909).

The Hambledon Men, being a new edition of John Nyren's “Young Cricketer's Tutor”, together with a collection of other matter drawn from various sources, all bearing upon the great batsmen and bowlers before round-arm came in, ed. by EVL (Oxford, 1952).

Harvest Home , Fourth Edition (London, 1919).

Her Infinite Variety: A Feminine Portrait Gallery , Fifth Edition (London, 1910).

A Hundred Years of Trent Bridge, ed. EVL (Worcester & London, 1938).

Hustled History or, As It Might Have Been, by the Authors of Wisdom While You Wait & Signs of the Times, illustrated by George Morrow (Bath, 1908).

If Dogs could Write, 5th Edition (London, 1930).

Introducing London, Second Edition (London, 1925).

Landmarks (London, 1914). With ms annotation by Andrew Man (EVL's nephew) on page 65, identifying "Uncle Ben" with Samuel Drewett, EVL's uncle. Flyleaf inscription of Sidney Penney, a relation of EVL.

Leonardo da Vinci (London, 1926). Inscribed "Christmas gift from M.B.S., December 15th, 1931".

Listener's Lure: An Oblique Narration, Eighth Edition (London, 1911).

A Little of Everything, Fourth Edition (London, 1913).

Loiterer's Harvest: A Book of Essays (London, 1913).

London Afresh , Second Edition (Illustrated), (London, 1937). Inscribed 'Andrew's from EVL Christmas 1937' in EVL's hand [i.e. gift to his nephew, Andrew Morrice Man], and with EVL inscription also on the title-page.

London Lavender (London, 1912).

Luck of the Year: Essays, Fantasies and Stories (London, 1923).

Masterful Wilhelmine, by Julius Stinde, presented to English Readers by E.V. Lucas, second and Cheaper Edition (London, 1927)

Michael Angelo (London, 1924). Inscribed "To Andrew [M. Man] from Uncle Edward", in EVL's hand.

Mixed Vintages: A Blend of Essays Old and New (London, 1919).

Old Fashioned Tales, selected by EVL, with illustrations by F.D. Bedford (London, undated). Pictorial binding.

Old Lamps for New, New and Cheaper Issue (London, 1915).

One Day and Another, Second Edition (London, 1909).

Only the Other Day: A Volume of Essays (London, 1936).

The Phantom Journal and other Essays and Diversions, Second Edition (London, 1920).

Pleasure Trove (London, 1935).

Post-Bag Diversions, ed. by EVL (London, 1934).

Quoth the Raven: an Unofficial History of the War, by EVL and G.M. With illustrations. (London, 1919).

Rembrandt (London, 1924).

A Rover I would be: Essays and Fantasies, Second Edition (London 1928).

Roving East and Roving West, Second Edition (London, 1921).

Saunterer's Rewards (London, 1933). With ownership inscription of E. Dora Man [EVL's sister] and, loose inside front cover, manuscript note in EVL's hand, later overwritten in another hand after a wetting which has faded the original ink “Corot lived to be 79 & his last words, late at night, Feb. 23 1875 were these 'Look! How lovely! I never saw such exquisite landscapes'. And so he entered Heaven where he is now, I trust, painting them”.

The Second Post: A Companion to "The Gentlest Art", Second Edition (London, 1910).

Signs of the Times; or, The Hustler's Almanack for 1907 , by the authors of Wisdom While You Wait [EVL and C.L.G.], with illustrations (London, 1907).

The Slowcoach (New York, 1930).

Some Friends of Mine (New York, 1909).

Three Hundred and Sixty-Five Days and One More, being selections for every morning of the year from the writings of E.V. Lucas (London, 1926).

Traveller's Luck: Essays and Fantasies (London, 1930).

Twelve Songs From Playtime & Company, verses by EVL, music by Herman Finck, with dust jacket illustrations by E.H. Shepard (London, 1926). [Score]

'Twixt Eagle and Dove (London, 1918).

Van Dyck (London, 1926).

Variety Lane (London, 1916).

Velasquez (London, 1926).

Verena in the Midst, A Kind of a Story (London, 1920). Inscription of S. Penney, a relation of EVL.

Vermeer the Magical London, 1929).

The Vermilion Box London, 1916).

Visibility Good: Essays and Excursions, Second Edition (London, 1933).

A Wanderer in Holland , Seventeenth Edition (London, 1920).

A Wanderer in Venice, Sixth Edition (London, 1923).

Windfall' an Entertainment London, 1929).

Wisdom on the Hire System, Being a Supplement to “Wisdom While You Wait”. Containing Full Details of the 'Insidecompletuar Britanniaware' Prize Competition, by EVL and C.L.G. (London, 1903).

Zigzags in France and Various Essays (London, 1925).

Other associated volumes (Audrey Lucas was EVL's daughter)
Lucas, Audrey, E.V. Lucas: A Portrait (London, 1939). With inscription of A.M. Man.

Lucas, Audrey, Old Motley (London, 1938).

Summary catalogue of Additional Manuscripts


Lucas, Audrey, E.V. Lucas: a portrait (London, 1939)
Prance, Claude, E.V. Lucas and his books (West Cornwall, Conn., 1988)


Add. MSS 887/1/1-34
Pieces by EVL, or edited by him

Christmas card from EVL to A. Lucas Jr, containing printed poems ( “December joys! we hear men cry” and “I want to do the best I can” ) by EVL for Christmas and New Year 1889-90.

Four essays by EVL from his weekly series “A wanderer's notebook” published in the Sunday times :

“The guilty knights”, July 1935 (cutting)

“Shadow libraries”, 1934 (cutting)

“Soho Square”, EVL's autograph manuscript, with a letter from Sir Rupert Hart-Davis presenting it to Andrew Man, 1987, and a photocopy of the published version from the Sunday times, 17 August 1930

“Weymouth” (undated cutting)

“Have I Left Anything Out?, being a Traveller's Aid Designed by E.V.L. for his Male Friends and Himself”, printed card, with ms punchline in EVL's hand at end.

“Here in this quaint old sleepy town”, manuscript transcript of poem about Hitchin by EVL, written ca. 1885, with note 'original copy in Hitchin Museum'.

“Jack”, printed poem by EVL headed 'Free verse'.

“What the Sun didn't see - for far too long ”, galley proof of a prose piece by EVL, 23 May 1918. Note on back says the subject was Miss Jessie Kidd's nephew. Jessie was E.D. Man's best friend and godmother of Peter M. Man.

Newspaper clipping, quoting poem on sleep ( “I have lived and I have loved” ) signed L.S. which EVL had published in an article in the Times.

“The new arrival”, typescript transcript of poem by George Washington Cable edited by EVL, London, 1927.

Add. MSS 887/2/1-26
Dates of creation: 1907-1938
Letters from EVL to his sister E. Dora Man, and one to her husband
Family news, affection for his sister and her children.

887/2/1    22 February 1907
Congratulations on the birth of her son [Andrew].

887/2/9-12    23 March 1920
From Japan, commenting on his journey and acquaintances there.

887/2/16-18   4 May 1928
About her son Andrew's early career in the army. Also includes cartoon card “The Birds Preaching to St. Francis”.

887/2/20-21   21 July 1931
About his forthcoming holiday abroad - “High time but a dreary prospect, my Light has gone out”.

Add. MSS 887/3/1-26
Dates of creation: undated and 1918-1935
Letters from EVL to his nephew Andrew Man, and related cards and correspondence kept with these by Andrew Man
Family news, encouragement with hobbies and invitations to shows in the school holidays, interest in his army career. Includes:

[undated], typescript letter partly from Jane Lucas, Andrew's grandmother and EVL's mother ('Uncle Edward is teaching me to type') and partly from EVL himself, with advice on how to learn to swim.

Cartoon cards “Scenes in the Life of Nebuchadnezzar” nos. 1 and 2 and “St. Paul preaching before Felix”, in envelope addressed to Andrew's father, Rev. M. Man, and postmarked 18 Nov. 1924.

887/3/22    4 May 1928
Expressing pleasure that Andrew is to be commissioned.

887/3/23-24   2 October 1928
Enclosing a letter from Lord Byng, giving advice on whether it would be advisable for Andrew to return as an officer to a regiment where he had been in the ranks.

887/3/29    8 February 1924
Letter to EVL from Lord Northbourne, looking forward to meeting his nephews Andrew and Peter.

Add. MSS 887/4
Dates of creation: 1937-1938
EVL's death, 1938

Copy of EVL's will, 23 November 1937.

887/4/8-11    June 1938
Two letters to Andrew Man from his mother Dora, 26 June 1938, telling him of EVL's death, and 29 June 1938, describing EVL's funeral.

Cuttings concerning EVL's final illness, and newspaper obituaries and tributes after his death, including pieces by E.V.Knox, Max Beerbohm, and Desmond MacCarthy.

Add. MSS 887/5/1-14   1897-1935
Miscellaneous family papers and memorabilia

Copy of the will of Jane Lucas (EVL's mother), 31 Oct. 1924. She died 25 May, 1924.

Add. MSS 887/6/1-15
Photographs and caricatures of EVL

887/6/1    1920
Photograph of EVL.

887/6/2    23 April 1938
Photograph, 'Peter's Wedding at Chartham, Kent', includes EVL and his sister Dora; identifications on back.

Caricature of EVL, “Westminster Cartoons ”, no. 65, by Sava, cutting from The Weekly Westminster, 14 February 1925.

Two photocopies of jesting letter from Max [Beerbohm] to EVL. including a caricature of EVL, 27 Nov. 1923.

File of notes and correspondence, compiled by Andrew Man, about “The six club man”, a caricature of EVL by Max Beerbohm, ca. 1920, depicting him in each of the six London clubs (the Garrick, Athenaeum, Savage, Brooks, Burlington Fine Arts, and National Sporting) to which he belonged, in stances appropriate to their differing ambience. The file includes a family tree, showing the descendants of EVL and his sister Dora.

Add. MSS 887/7-15
Recollections of EVL and correspondence about him

Short biography of EVL (12 pp.) written by his youngest sister, E. Dora Man,1975, with, inserted after p. 10, a letter dated September 1932 to her from her husband Morrice Man.

887/8   11 Nov. 1977
Letter to Dora Man from R. Pound, recounting an anecdote about EVL.

887/9   November 1969
E.H. Shepard and EVL: correspondence, concerning an interview ( “The man who drew Pooh” ) with Shepard published in the Sunday times, in which he made comments about EVL to which Andrew Man took exception. Includes a letter from Shepard to Colonel Man, 5 November 1969, and a copy of the offending article.

Correspondence with Andrew Man about the possibility of republishing EVL's travel books and essays and some of his books for children, 1969-1974.

EVL and cricket: file of letters to Andrew Man, 1974-1976, related to his article “E.V. Lucas, C.H. (1868-1938)” published in The journal of the Cricket Society , vol. 7, no. 4 (1976), 11-13. Includes some recollections and anecdotes about EVL.

Cuttings and correspondence related to a 1977 article in The Times, which suggested that EVL had been one of those suspected of being the perpetrator of a spoof poem, purportedly by Kipling, published in The Times in 1918.

19 letters and cards from Sir Rupert Hart-Davis to Col. Andrew Man, 1981-1993, about EVL, his correspondence with Max Beerbohm, Man's collection of EVL's publications, and the possibility that the University of Durham might be a suitable home for this. With a cutting about Sir Rupert.

887/14 Letters to Co. Andrew Man from Prof. J.R. Watson of the University of Durham and the University of Durham, 1987, about the possibility that the university might receive his collection of EVL's publications.

Misc. letters to Andrew Man about EVL, 1983-1990, including letter from Henry M.S. 1983, enclosing a copy, in English, of a talk he had given in German at the Struwwelpeter Museum, Frankfurt, on the Struwwelpeter parody “Swollen-headed William” by EVL, with drawings by Geo. Morrow, published 1914

Add. MSS 887/16-32
Articles, cuttings and extracts about EVL

Cutting about a committee to advise on crown property, one of the committee members to be E.V. Lucas.

Extract from Everybody's book of the Queen's dolls' house, edited by A.C. Benson, C.V.O., and Sir Lawrence Weaver, K.B.E., 1924.

“E.V. Lucas and Luton”, by John Lea, photocopy of an article from Bedfordshire magazine , vol. 5 no 37 (summer 1936), 201-205.

Reviews of E.V. Lucas: a portrait, by his daughter Audrey Lucas (1939) from the Sunday times , and The Cambridge Review.

Who was who biography of EVL.

Extracts from The Life of Sir Edwin Lutyens , by Christopher Hussey (London, 1953), concerning EVL.

Extract transcribed from My memories of six reigns , by Her Highness Princess Marie Louise (Evan Brothers Ltd., 1956), pp. 200-201.

Extract from R.G.G. Price's A history of Punch , by R.G.G. Price, 1957, on EVL.

“E.V. Lucas: bookman and cricket lover”, by James D. Coldham, in The journal of the Cricket Society, vol. 5, no. 3 (autumn 1971), 35-43.

Extract transcribed from The precarious crust , by Lawrence Irving (Chatto & Windus, 1971), pp. 313-315, on EVL.

“Some letters of Lucas”, by Irving Rosenwater, in The journal of the Cricket Society , vol. 6, no. 1 (autumn 1972), 53-56.

“Some further memorials of E.V. Lucas”, by A.C. McKay, in The journal of the Cricket Society , vol. 6, no. 4 (spring 1974), 62-64.

“E.V. Lucas, C.H. (1868-1938)”, by Andrew Man, in The journal of the Cricket Society , vol. 7, no. 4 (spring 1976), 11-13.

“Warming thoughts on a winter walk”, cutting from the Daily Telegraph, ca. Nov./Dec. 1982, with reference to EVL.

“In the footsteps of E.V. Lucas”, cutting from The West Sussex gazette, 17 April 1986.

Cutting about books by E.V.L., from Bookdealer , no. 844, April 1988.

Extracts from A.A. Milne - his Life, by Ann Thwaite (Faber and Faber, 1990), referring to EVL.

Add. MSS 887/33-34
Bibliographical lists

“Brief check list of original material of E.V. Lucas in the library of James Keddie, Jr.” Includes photograph of EVL. and Sir Edwin Lutyens.

List of EVL publications in the National Library of Wales, Aberystwith, with covering letter to Andrew Man, 1987

Loose material found in volumes

Add. MSS 887/35   [after 1932]
Extract from Reading, writing and remembering , p. 120 referring to Bernard Barton and his friends (found in the front of the latter volume).

Add. MSS 887/36   April 1924
Letter from Queen Mary thanking all contributors to The book of the Queen's Dolls' House.


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